midterm review lecture

midterm review lecture - 1 Lecture 1: Intro to Sport...

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Lecture 1: Intro to Sport Sociology 5 basic social institutions: -Family -Education -Polity (form of government) -Economics -Religion Sport: Every society has had some form of sport Sport mirrors the society in which it’s played -USA: competitive, merit statistics, win -OTHER: cooperative, equality Impact of Sport in USA: More $ spent on sport than health, education, welfare Pro athletes earn more than other professions More media coverage than business, culture, government, world news, etc Sport programs often top priority in schools, communities, etc Economic Factors of Sport: Sport is a multi-billion $ business in USA Advertising costs: super bowl, Olympics Gambling is multi-billion $ business Political “: Countries use sport to get world-wide recognition Sport is used as a political tool for social control (not necessarily negative) Politicians associate themselves with sport Sport and Pop Culture: Common expressions Books and movies Mass media What is sport? Work or play? Play Game Sport Play Characteristics: Freely choose to participate Spontaneous (no space and time) Uncertain outcome Unproductive 1
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Make-believe Game Characteristics: Goals outside of game itself (prestige, win) There is structure and rules Games are competitive Sport Characteristics: All the characteristics of game Physical exertion (chess vs. football) Sport falls between work and play (individual perspective) Types of Sport: Informal sport (non-institutionalized) Formal (youth, high school, college) Corporate- a business (pro, division IA) How is sport studied? Sport sociology Sport psychology Sport history Sport philosophy Sport anthropology Sport physiology Lecture 2- History of Sport in the USA British Influence: Gave the world sports as we know them today Needed to socialize upper-class youth to expand and govern the empire Public schools (prep schools) were undisciplined, riotous Emergence of sport in Britain: Divided schools into houses (teams) Goal: socialize boys into men Socialized Values- British Sport Respect for authority Undying loyalty: country, leaders, each other Hard work Delayed gratification Sense of fair play Endure hardship Anglican/ male super Class superiority Non-intellectualism 2
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Religious influence USA Sports: Puritan Influence Break away from catholic tradition -Corrupt -Stratified -Closed * Opposed to all ceremonies- rituals -Obscured peoples’ relationship with God * Resented amusements of wealthy Puritan Philosophy Democratic (personal link to God) Capitalistic (everyone free to succeed) Repression of sensuality: sex, fun, recreation, etc Predestination: God determined who was saved and who not Traits of those who were “saved”: godly thrift, Christian gaining, lawful prospering Result: wealth from hard work Traits of those who were
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midterm review lecture - 1 Lecture 1: Intro to Sport...

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