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1 Kohlberg’s Moral Development Paper By: April Franklin, Crystal Knetig, Haidy Ruelas Soto, Sami Larson and Tiffany Harris PSYCH/600 Mr. Shen 5/25/2020
2 Kohlberg’s Moral Development Paper Lawrence Kohlberg wanted to show that moral development had more to it than what his predecessor Piaget had suggested, so he came up with his Theory of Moral Development. While this theory was useful in understanding how people, mainly men, made moral decisions it was not a full explanation on how the development occurred. In this paper we will discuss a summary of Kohlberg’s theory, what contributions this theory has made to our understanding of moral development, and the limitations of the theory. We will also include information on Carol Gilligan’s work which added on the female perspective of Kohlberg’s theory for additional comparison. Summarize Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg Moral development theory started in 1958. He agreed with Piaget’s (1932) Theory of moral development in principle, but Lawrence wanted to develop his ideas further. Lawrence ended up using Piaget’s storytelling techniques with his moral development theories to tell people stories about moral dilemmas. With each story Lawrence would develop a case and would have a choice to be considered. In Lawrence Kohlberg’s moral development theory there are 3 levels and in those 3 levels there are 6 stages. Level 1 is Pre-conventional morality with stages 1. Obedience and punishment orientation, and stage 2. Individualism and exchange. Level 2 is Conventional Morality with stages 3. Good interpersonal relationships, and stage 4. Maintaining the social order. And level 3 is Post conventional morality with stages 5. Social contract and individual rights, and stage 6. Universal principles. Lawrence’s theory of moral development was stating how it changes through our life span. He thought when we are younger around age 9, we don’t have a moral sense of development we base that on adults around us, in adolescence/adult we begin to internalize the moral standards. There were some downfalls in his

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