Jan 28 - Jan 28 Ancient America and European Encounters...

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Jan 28 Ancient America and European Encounters Early European Trade: - A lot took place East to West - centralized around Italy What factors contributed to European departure form this fairly comfortable system of trade? 1. Bubonic Plague/Black Death - 1/3 of European population dies as a result of plague - 25 million ppl died in just under 5 years (1347-1352) - transferred mainly through rats/fleas, but other organisms too - started in China and spread west with merchant boats that arrived in Venience - spread extremely quickly - institution’s began failing: no wills to be written= who is land left too? - economy began failing - families deserted each other - Ramifications of the Plague - Loosening in the demand for land - decrease in labor - peasants want higher wages - Uncertainty and a push toward exploration - exploration of new lands/ territories - slow recovery (~150 yrs) - increased demand for new goods from exploration 2. Advances in science and technology - movable type - compass and hourglass= better navigation - better maps 3.
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