HIS 108 notes test 1 - Introductory Europe Least likely to Succeed I Previews and Syllabus II Europe at the end of History The mysterious ocean Scholars

HIS 108 notes test 1 - Introductory Europe Least likely to...

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Introductory Europe- Least likely to Succeed I. Previews and Syllabus II. Europe at the end of History - The mysterious ocean Scholars did not know what was on the other side of the ocean The world was flat Stories of monsters and disasters Christendom on the skids, 1400’s Renaissance yes, but… Black death A church in decay The Turk in Constantinople Why didn’t someone else discover America? III. Passage to India New ways of sailing Prince Henry the Navigator Vasco da Gamma at the gates of Cathay Giovanni di Verrazano- French explorer along the Atlantic coast of North America Who really discovered America? Many countries claim to have discovered I. A new world in the way Columbus goes wrong 1492 sailed for Spain- no one else was willing to sponsor He originally was looking for China on his journey Tried sailing west Found new vegetation and natural resources Italian- John Cabot “New-found land” Amerigo Vespucci - Wrote a journal about new lands - Names it “America” after himself Unknown seas, imaginary lands Balboa doesn’t find China after all, 1519 Verrazano’s peninsula, forbisher’s gold Northwest passages up the Hudson Sea route through waterways north of Canada that connects to oceans English try to find a new way to China by sailing north of the continent They find Canada Sir Humfry Gilbert’s discovery- Established English colonies; separate parts of England II. Unimagined Prospects Norumbega and Seven Cities of gold Canada, Maine, Vermont Forest primeval- large vegetation amounts in North America “Those devils’ brats” and other wildlife- skunk
Abundance in Eden III. Innocents in Eden? Arawaks and Caribs American Indians The English tried teaching the Indians civilization and Christianity Many cultures Untutored minds? Did they have nations? No property? Hunting people? Utopia Limited: Errands into the Wilderness Prologue: Have you heard the good news from Virginia? Queen Elizabeth gave Raleigh a charter to establish a colony anywhere in America Raleigh discovered Virginia- Roanoke colony expeditions Roanoke tribe inhabited the land England’s merchants lent support to colonizing ventures, like Roanoke, failed. Virginia was named after the queen of England This place is for Englanders to start over Believed to be a revolutionary force against Spain I. Pipe Dreams in Jamestown 1607 the first ship sets sail to Virginia- “dream land” - Only 38 people lived- high death rate - The environmental surroundings are different than England Virginia was not intended to be a farming colony- it is a small town Spain’s black legend- terror and human barbarity England wanted to cut off Spain’s wealth Virginia Company, liberator? - Joint Stock Company with English industry; imagined opening up trade with China; great money making opportunity - Headrights were given to people by the Virginia Company to own land and start a colony Plans fail - Jamestown business fails - Indians don’t interact with Englanders - “Bloudy Flux”, starving time - Capt. John Smith saves the day Military hero; takes charge in Jamestown

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