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HIS 108 notes test 1 - Introductory Europe- Least likely to...

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Introductory Europe- Least likely to SucceedI.Previews and SyllabusII.Europe at the end of History- The mysterious oceanScholars did not know what was on the other side of the oceanThe world was flatStories of monsters and disastersChristendom on the skids, 1400’sRenaissance yes, but…Black deathA church in decayThe Turk in ConstantinopleWhy didn’t someone else discover America?III.Passage to IndiaNew ways of sailingPrince Henry the NavigatorVasco da Gamma at the gates of CathayGiovanni di Verrazano- French explorer along the Atlantic coast of North AmericaWho really discovered America?Many countries claim to have discoveredI.A new world in the wayColumbus goes wrong1492 sailed for Spain- no one else was willing to sponsorHe originally was looking for China on his journeyTried sailing westFound new vegetation and natural resourcesItalian- John Cabot “New-found land”Amerigo Vespucci- Wrote a journal about new lands- Names it “America” after himselfUnknown seas, imaginary landsBalboa doesn’t find China after all, 1519Verrazano’s peninsula, forbisher’s goldNorthwest passages up the HudsonSea route through waterways north of Canada that connects to oceansEnglish try to find a new way to China by sailing north of the continentThey find CanadaSir Humfry Gilbert’s discovery-Established English colonies; separate parts of EnglandII.Unimagined ProspectsNorumbega and Seven Cities of goldCanada, Maine, VermontForest primeval- large vegetation amounts in North America“Those devils’ brats” and other wildlife- skunk
Abundance in EdenIII.Innocents in Eden?Arawaks and CaribsAmerican IndiansThe English tried teaching the Indians civilization and ChristianityMany culturesUntutored minds?Did they have nations?No property?Hunting people?Utopia Limited:Errands into the WildernessPrologue:Have you heard the good news from Virginia?Queen Elizabeth gave Raleigh a charter to establish a colony anywhere in AmericaRaleigh discovered Virginia-Roanoke colony expeditionsRoanoke tribe inhabited the landEngland’s merchants lent support to colonizing ventures, like Roanoke, failed.Virginia was named after the queen of EnglandThis place is for Englanders to start overBelieved to be a revolutionary force against SpainI.Pipe Dreams inJamestown1607 the first ship sets sail to Virginia- “dream land”- Only 38 people lived- high death rate- The environmental surroundings are different than EnglandVirginia was not intended to be a farming colony- it is a small townSpain’sblack legend- terror and human barbarityEngland wanted to cut off Spain’s wealthVirginia Company, liberator?-Joint Stock Company with English industry; imagined opening up trade with China;great money making opportunity-Headrightswere given to people by the Virginia Company to own land and start acolonyPlans fail- Jamestown business fails- Indians don’t interact with Englanders- “Bloudy Flux”, starving time-Capt. John Smith saves the dayMilitary hero; takes charge in Jamestown

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