Written Assignment Unit 2.docx - Written Assignment Unit 2-...

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Written Assignment Unit 2- Perception Theory of Organizational Behavior.Perceptionis an intellectual process of transforming sensory stimuli to meaningful information.It is the process of interpreting something that we see or hear in our mind and use it later to judgeand give a verdict on a situation, person, group etc.Perceptual ProcessPerceptual process are the different stages of perception we go through. The different stages areas below,Receiving:Receiving is the first and most important stage in the process of perception. It is the initialstage in which a person collects all information and receives the information through the sense organs.Selecting:Selecting is the second stage in the process. Here a person doesn’t receive the datarandomly but selectively. A person selects some information out of all in accordance with hisinterest or needs. The selection of data is dominated by various external and internal factors.Organizing:Keeping things in order or say in a synchronized way is organizing. In order tomake sense of the data received, it is important to organize them.Interpreting:Finally, we have the process of interpreting which means forming an idea about aparticular object depending upon the need or interest. Interpretation means that the informationwe have sensed and organized, is finally given a meaning by turning it into something that can becategorized. It includes stereotyping, halo effect etc.In the organizational context, our perception affects how we communicate among ourselves.Some factors such as those shown below may get in the way of understanding the truth within amessage; thus, affecting our behaviors:STEREOTYPE.In a social or organizational context, prejudice refers to an attitude, usually negative, toward aperson or a group of people because of their group membership. When this attitude is expressedbehaviorally, the result is discrimination. At the core of prejudice are stereotypes and stereotype-based assumptions. Stereotypes can influence the extent to which information is attended to. Forexample, individuals have a tendency to recognize stereotype-consistent information and process

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Discrimination, HARASSMENT

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