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HIST156 Chapter 1

HIST156 Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Study Questions 1...

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Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Study Questions: 1. Compare and contrast the major Native American Indian civilizations/cultures.  Consider the Aztecs, Incas, Pueblo and Iroquois League of tribes, Cahokia, and  others. Make the case that in many ways, they were advanced to Europeans. Each ancient culture was special and different in its very own way. In less than two  centuries the Aztecs built one of the largest empires larger than any pervious or at that  time empire in Europe, Asia or Africa. The Mesoamerican societies were the greatest out  of all ancient American societies that were created. By the time of Columbus’s first  voyage of 1492 the Aztec empire reached a population of about 10-20 million and  controlled most of central Mexico and had trading routes all throughout the empire. In  addition it also had a great capital of Tenochtitlan which was comparable to the medieval  city of Venice and was one of the world’s largest cities. In addition the class system was  as stratified as any social system in Europe. There were four classes which included the  nobility, free commoners, serfs and slaves. Many Spanish explorers could not believe  what they saw in the city and believed it to be the most advanced civilization in the new  world. In Northern Mesoamerica also known as the region in South West North America  the pueblo people developed a sedentary village life style thousands of years before the  arrival of the Spanish. By the time the Spanish had arrived, the pueblo people were  already developing villages composed of large multistoried buildings with many rooms  and often constructed in defensive sites that would protect them from their northern  enemies. The largest of them at one time even contained 800 rooms. They also  developed advanced farming techniques by using irrigation canals, dams, and hillside  terracing to water their dry maize fields. The Pueblo society very much resembled  peasant societies in Europe. The Cahokia in North America was a mound building  society in the Mississippi valley, whose capital of Cahokia had a population of about  20,000 and contained one of the largest earthen built structures in the world. The 
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