HIST 156 Chapter 3

HIST 156 Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 1 Some historians describe the early history of Jamestown as “the creation story from hell.” According to what

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Chapter 3 1. Some historians describe the early history of Jamestown as “the creation story from hell.” According to what you read about the establishment of this colony in Virginia, why do you think they use this expression? Jamestown was not found by the king’s order but by the Virginia Company of London that operated as a joint-stock company (an early kind of modern corporation that sold shares of stock and used the pooled capital to outfit and supply overseas expeditions. They lured settlers by promises such as free land (In 1619, 50 acres). Because this settlement was conducted by a company and not the crown, England neither sent neither an army nor priests to subdue the natives, which made it even more difficult for settlers. They were attacked by Native Americans and such. More than 900 settlers, mostly men, arrived in Jamestown between 1607 and 1609, only 60 survived. More than 9,000 crossed the Atlantic between 1610 and 1622 but only 2,000 remained alive at the end of that period. Jamestown only thrived after tobacco was discovered. 2. When did a system of exploitation of slave labor from Africa emerge and why did it replace white indentured servitude? At first, white indentured servitude was the main labor for plantation. White indentured servants were promised freedom after certain period of time. However, the servants eventually found out about the horrible work conditions and started not coming. This is when the slave labor from Africa emerged and started the Atlantic Slave trade. 3. Discuss the origins of slavery in North America. In your opinion, were Europeans motivated by profit or prejudice? The origin of slavery in North America came from the fact that growing
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 156 taught by Professor Bradbury during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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HIST 156 Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 1 Some historians describe the early history of Jamestown as “the creation story from hell.” According to what

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