Explain the argument from contingency.

Explain the argument from contingency. - Paper #1 Explain...

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Paper #1 Explain the argument from contingency. Critically examine the claims involved in this argument. Samuel Clarke is one of the English philosophers that support the argument from contingency. In 1705 he published his paper on the topic, in which he explains his argument. The theory is based on two premises: 1) Every being that exists and has ever existed is either a dependent or a self-existent being. 2) Not every being can be a dependent being. By dependent being we mean a being whose existence is explained by another being (e.g. my existence is explained by the existence of my parents and so forth) while a self existent being would be a being whose sole nature accounts for its existence. Philosophers argue that based on these two premises there can only be two possible solutions. Either there has to be a self existent being from which the dependent beings started existing, or there has been an infinite series of dependent beings. The latter though cannot be true since it is “absurd” to assume such an infinite series “without any original independent cause”, with no meaning. Therefore what can be concluded is the fact that there has to be a self existent being from which all dependent beings originated. This, of course, would be God, in whatever way one likes to define him. This argument can be supported because it makes sense that an infinite series of dependent beings cannot indeed exist. There has to be an origin, a place, a time, a substance or being from which all other dependent beings that exist today originated. For example, if we take any other planet than Earth that we know there is no life on, we can not expect for life to suddenly start existing, we cannot expect for a series of dependent beings to be created out of nowhere. There has to be a way in which the series of dependent beings will start, 1
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whether this is from a self existent being, from life on another planet, or from the building blocks of life present in that planet. On the other hand, there have been philosophers like W. Rowe that argue against
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Explain the argument from contingency. - Paper #1 Explain...

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