History of CRM Study Guide

History of CRM Study Guide - History of Civil Rights...

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History of Civil Rights Movement Study Guide 13 th , 14 th , 15 th Amendments known as the Reconstruction amendments: connect all 3 1. Thirteenth Amendment – 1895 a. Abolished slavery in the 1865 right after the civil war. b. Many southern states didn’t ratify amendment until decades later c. It changed the status of black people challenging the standard for the past that whites would not accept breeding mass racism 2. Fourteenth Amendment – 1868 a. Most significant structural change to constitution since the bill of rights b. Ensures the civil rights of African Americans c. Overturned the Dred Scott Case, allowed black citizenship d. It requires the states to provide equal protection under the law to all persons (not only to citizens) within their jurisdictions, and was used in the mid-20th century to dismantle legal segregation, as in Brown v. Board of Education . 3. Fifteenth Amendment – 1870 a. State or federal governments may not prevent a citizen from voting because of his race, color, or previous condition of servitude (slavery). b. During the next 10 years the black caucus grew in power and began to take up seats in state houses and senates, but when Hayes became president he withdrew federal troops from the south and overlooked pole violence leading to the systematic black disenfranchisement throughout the southern states. Caused loss of blacks in political power in the south creating a snowball affect of black discrimination. 4. Reconstruction – 1865-1877 a. Time period where republicans Lincoln and Johnson used federal resources/troops to bring the southern states back into the union with new constitutional amendments on the civil rights of all men. b. The republican coalition of freedmen, carpetbaggers, scalawags, came into power in the south reforming constitutions of southern states c. Several states kept constitutions rewritten during Reconstruction years for many years. Others used separate legislation to overturn some Reconstruction progress. The Redeemers, or southern Democrats, systematically defeated the republicans a began re-writing their reconstruction constitutions marking the end of reconstruction d. Important because this was the time when the 13-15 amendments were ratified but southern states made legislature to get around the amendments and they were ignored throughout the south and Jim Crow laws began limiting blacks right from using public places 5. Civil Rights Act of 1875 – a. The Act guaranteed that everyone, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, was entitled to the same treatment in "public accommodations" b. The law was generally ineffective and not enforced. The withdrawal of Federal troops from the South caused it to only be enforced very rarely by some federal officers and some private citizens. c.
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History of CRM Study Guide - History of Civil Rights...

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