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Notes Test 2 - Pilgrimage Churches St Sernin...

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Pilgrimage Churches St. Sernin, Toulouse (France) 1077-1119 The exterior of St. Sernin is brick trimmed with white stone with many rounded volumes of radiating chapels forming the apse. St. Sernin is built in the Romanesque style. St. Philibert, Tournus, France 950-1120 St. Foy, Conques (France) 1050-1130 Located in a remote mountain valley and is the smallest of the pilgrimage churches . St. Foy’s tympanum is preserved. A tympanum is a semicircular panel created under the arch of the doorway. The St. Sernin and St. Foy are pilgrimage road churches on the route to Santiago de Compostela.
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St. Sernin, St. Foy, and as well as St. James, Compostela share the common traits of having aisles linking to an ambulatories for worshippers to easily move from one chapel to another. An ambulatory is the curving passageway behind the choir of a church and can also be the passageways to connect chapels. St. James, Compostela (Spain) 1075-1211
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Monastery of Cluny III (France) 11 th cent. Aquitaine and Provence St. Front, Perigueux, France (ca. 1120) St. Marco’s Venice Cistercian Monasteries, Abbey of Fontenay, France 1139-1147
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Gothic Architecture The Gothic style of architecture originated in northern France in an area known as the Ile- de-France. It is an area with very little Romanesque architecture.
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