HSNA_SE_WH_T3 (1).pdf - ESSENTIAL QUESTION How are Religion...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 40 pages.

Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) 3 [ ESSENTIAL QUESTION ] How are Religion and Culture Connected?
61 Enduring Understandings • The Indus Valley civilization had large, well- planned cities and an organized government. • Sacred texts known as the Vedas teach us about Aryan society. • Hinduism and Buddhism emerged in ancient India and their ethical and spiritual messages shaped Indian civilization. • The Maurya and Gupta empires united much of India; under the Guptas, India enjoyed a golden age of cultural achievement. • Confucianism and Daoism are ancient Chinese belief systems that influenced China’s culture for centuries. • After Shi Huangdi unified China, the Han Golden Age brought advances in science, medicine, technology, and the arts. Topic Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) 3 Watch the My Story Video to learn more about Shi Huangdi, China’ s first emper or. Access your digital lessons including: Topic Inquiry Interactive Reading Notepad Interactivities Assessments SavvasRealize.com >> A terracotta army guards the tomb of China’s first emperor
Early Civilization in South Asia Geography of the Indian Subcontinent The Indus Valley is located in the region known as South Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. A subcontinent is a large landmass that juts out from a continent. The Indian subcontinent is a huge, wedge- shaped peninsula extending into the Indian Ocean. Today, it includes three of the world’s ten most populous countries— India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh—as well as the island nation of Sri Lanka (sree LAHNG kuh) and the mountain nations of Nepal and Bhutan. Towering, snow-covered mountain ranges mark the northern border of the subcontinent, including the Hindu Kush and the Himalayas. These mountains limited contacts between India and other lands and helped its people develop a distinct culture. The mountains, however, were not a complete barrier. Steep passes through the Hindu Kush served as gateways to migrating and invading peoples for thousands of years. Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains of India The Indian subcontinent is divided into three major zones: the northern plain, the dry Deccan >> The Indus civilization produced sophisticated arts and crafts, including these small oxen and cart figures made between 7000 and 5000 B.C. in Mohenjo-Daro. In 1922, archaeologists made some startling discoveries in northwestern India. While digging in the Indus River valley, they unearthed bricks, small statues, clay seals, and other artifacts unlike any they had seen before. They soon realized they had uncovered a “lost civilization”—forgotten for some 3,500 years. Though later discoveries have added to our knowledge of the cities of the Indus Valley, many mysteries remain about this civilization that fl ourished almost 5,000 years ago.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture