167166339-UTNIF-2012-Transit-Apartheid-Starter-Pack.docx - Transit Apartheid Starter Pack AFFIRMATIVE UTNIF 2012 Transit Apartheid Starter Pack Transit

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Transit Apartheid Starter Pack UTNIF 2012 Transit Apartheid Starter Pack AFFIRMATIVE Transit Apartheid 1AC ................................................................................................................ 3 2AC Case Extensions .............................................................................................................. 13 AT: Predictions Good ................................................................................................................. 13 AT: Neoliberalism Good ............................................................................................................. 13 AT: No racism ............................................................................................................................ 14 AT: No Transit Racism ............................................................................................................... 14 AT: Health Impact defense ........................................................................................................ 15 AT: Movements fail .................................................................................................................... 15 AT: No Transit democracy ......................................................................................................... 16 End Free Parking Extension ...................................................................................................... 17 2AC AT: Framework ................................................................................................................ 18 2AC AT: States CP ................................................................................................................... 20 2AC AT: Federalism DA .......................................................................................................... 23 1AR Federalism AT Impacts ...................................................................................................... 26 Capitalism Kritik 2AC ................................................................................................................ 27 Capitalism K 1AR evidence ........................................................................................................ 32 NEGATIVE 1NC Advantage Frontline ...................................................................................................... 33 2NC Advantage Answers ........................................................................................................... 36 Ext #1: Predictions ................................................................................................................... 36 Ext #2: Neolib not bad .............................................................................................................. 37 Ext #3: No Racism .................................................................................................................... 37 Ext #4: No Transit Racism ........................................................................................................ 38 Ext #5: Health impact inevitable ............................................................................................... 39 1NC Solvency Frontline ......................................................................................................... 40 Ext #1: Movements fail ............................................................................................................. 41 Ext #2: No Transit democracy .................................................................................................. 42 1NC Framework ...................................................................................................................... 43 2NC Framework First ............................................................................................................... 44 2NC Policymaking Good ............................................................................................................ 44 2NC Policymaking Good ............................................................................................................ 45 2NC Roleplaying Good .............................................................................................................. 45 2NC Fairness Good .................................................................................................................... 45 2NC Fairness Good .................................................................................................................... 46 2NC: Reps don’t Matter ............................................................................................................ 46 1NC States CP ......................................................................................................................... 47 States 2NC Solvency Extensions ............................................................................................... 48 States 2NC AT: Perm ................................................................................................................. 50 States 2NC AT: Theory ............................................................................................................... 51 States 2NC: AT: Links to Politics ............................................................................................... 51 1NC Federalism DA ................................................................................................................ 52 Federalism Uniqueness ............................................................................................................. 54 Federalism Links ....................................................................................................................... 55 Federalism AT: governors want the plan ................................................................................... 56 Federalism Impacts: India extension ......................................................................................... 56 Impacts: Economy Module ........................................................................................................ 57 Impacts: Russia module ............................................................................................................ 57 AT: Environment Impact turn .................................................................................................... 58 1NC Capitalism K ................................................................................................................... 59 Capitalism Kritik 2NC Framework: ........................................................................................... 66 2NC Links .................................................................................................................................. 67 Link: Solidarity .......................................................................................................................... 67 1
Transit Apartheid Starter Pack UTNIF 2012 Link: Single Issue Focus ............................................................................................................ 67 Link: Single Issue Focus ............................................................................................................ 68 Link: Consumption .................................................................................................................... 68 Link: Consumption .................................................................................................................... 69 Link: Green Consumption .......................................................................................................... 69 Link: The City ............................................................................................................................ 70 Impact: Dedev ........................................................................................................................... 70 Impact: Dedev ........................................................................................................................... 71 2NC Alt ...................................................................................................................................... 71 AT: Perm .................................................................................................................................... 74 2
Transit Apartheid Starter Pack UTNIF 2012 Transit Apartheid 1AC 3
Transit Apartheid Starter Pack UTNIF 2012 Transportation constitutes the fundamental element of lived experience in our current age. Public transit especially shapes and constrains who can move where, when, and why. Current federal transportation infrastructure investment is tilted in favor of suburban needs, both subsidizing high-speed rails and highways, leaving the transport-dependent without options. Joe Grengs, professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Michigan 2005 (“The abandoned social goals of public transit in the neoliberal city of the USA” City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action Volume 9, Issue 1, 2005 pages 51-66) The case opened up new questions about the equality of transit services provided . Can a transit agency go too far in shifting its emphasis in favour of one constituency of suburban commuters over another constituency of local bus riders in the urban core? How should a transit agency achieve a balance between these different constituencies? Vuchic (1999) describes an efficient transportation system as one that is physically and functionally integrated with the variety of activities and services offered by a metropolitan region. To best serve this variety of places and needs in large cities, a transportation system might accommodate a mix of modes—automobiles, bicycles, pedestrians, and a “family of transit” ranging from buses on local streets to high speed regional rail. Unfortunately,

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