AP World Modern_Exploration Stations.docx - Exploration...

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Exploration Stations Name: Station 1: Reasons for and Methods of Exploration 1. Explain the concept of “God, gold, and glory!” as it pertains to explorers. 2. Rank the items explorers used to navigate the seas using the handouts AND the textbook, page 530. Use your own words. Ranking Item Brief Description Reason you ranked it here 1 (Best) Compass Magnetic need that aligns with the earth’s magnetic fields, one needle points north. Used to navigate Vital for sailing around the world, sailors can get lost easily 2 Maps Representation of the earth Without a compass sailors would not know which way they were going, a map could only tell them where they were 3 Sextant Measures the angle between the sun and its horizon or star to find the latitude Can also be used to help navigate the sea 4 Crosstaff Used to measure the altitude of a heavenly body Only used to find the latitude and direction, with a compass the crosstaff would only be used for the latitude 5 Quadrant Used to measure the altitude of celestial bodies Can also be used to measure latitude and longitude, but the instruments above can already do that 6 (Worst) Astrolabe Used to determine the sun’s altitude Was replaced by the sextant, so it had no use anymore Station 2: Explorer Timeline 1. Place the following explorers on the timeline in the appropriate order.

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