Lecture 2 Summary 2012

3 what is a city what defines cityness fundamental

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Unformatted text preview: y, of which one of the most famous is Mecca • Also Rome, Jerusalem, Lhasa, Varanasi, and many others Probably all of these are factors in the establishment of some cities. There is a lot of diversity. Think of cities that you know well. What explanations fit best? Recently the argument has been made that cities are the origin of both civilization and agriculture, instead of reverse that agriculture was first and the surplus production allowed city development - Ed Soja – Postmetropolis (2002). His argument is that the demand for food from cities, and the power to appropriate surpluses led to more efficient agriculture. 3. What is a City, What defines Cityness? Fundamental Characteristics of Cities What social changes are associated with the growth of urban civilizations? • Large population size and density • Full- time specialization of labour • Concentration of surplus product • Class- structured society • Political organization 4. Major elements of Urban Form • Walls surrounded virtually all cities from earliest times until the mid to late 19th century. • Walls were for defense, but they also performed a number of other important functions. • Allowed control of urban...
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