3 what is a city what defines cityness fundamental

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: y, of which one of the most famous is Mecca • Also Rome, Jerusalem, Lhasa, Varanasi, and many others Probably all of these are factors in the establishment of some cities. There is a lot of diversity. Think of cities that you know well. What explanations fit best? Recently the argument has been made that cities are the origin of both civilization and agriculture, instead of reverse that agriculture was first and the surplus production allowed city development - Ed Soja – Postmetropolis (2002). His argument is that the demand for food from cities, and the power to appropriate surpluses led to more efficient agriculture. 3. What is a City, What defines Cityness? Fundamental Characteristics of Cities What social changes are associated with the growth of urban civilizations? • Large population size and density • Full- time specialization of labour • Concentration of surplus product • Class- structured society • Political organization 4. Major elements of Urban Form • Walls surrounded virtually all cities from earliest times until the mid to late 19th century. • Walls were for defense, but they also performed a number of other important functions. • Allowed control of urban...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern