Lecture 2 Summary 2012

What constraints were there on possible choices 2 why

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Unformatted text preview: f the society that creates them. Analysis of how cities change over time is a powerful tool for understanding both cities, and the values of the civilizations that give rise to them. Who made the decisions? Why? What values informed the decisions? What incentives structured the set of choices that were made? What constraints were there on possible choices? 2. Why did early cities emerge? 5 main competing theories Hydraulic Theory: • Control over Water is essential - both for irrigation and as transportation corridors • Resources necessary to create irrigation systems creates a need for a governance system that can mobilize large investments of labour power Economic Theories: • Economic factors most important – ports, raw materials, rich hinterland, energy sources Military Theories • Settlements established at military- strategic locations form the core of long- term settlements • Military pattern remains influential long after strategic value of settlement is gone Religious Theories 1 • Centres that are important for religious reasons are the starting point for many cities globall...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2013 for the course GGR A03 taught by Professor Andresorenson during the Winter '12 term at University of Toronto.

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