Chapter 1 Questions

Chapter 1 Questions - Chapter 1 Questions The Study of...

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Chapter 1 Questions The Study of Child Development 1. Victor: a. People did not think he was “fully human” because he was a stranger to social needs and practices, which made him reject civilization. b. France had recently switched to a democracy rather than a monocracy and they people of the new republic wanted to prove that anyone could succeed if they had a good education. During the 18 th century, a high percentage of children were abandon by their parents if they had any signs of being disabled physically or mentally, which made the public believe Victor was abandon for an abnormality. c. Jean-Marc Itard tried to teach Victor how “to categorize objects, to reason, and to communicate”. d. Victor’s mental disability could have invoked Itard’s failure; however, some believe that his isolationism stunted in developmental growth. 2. The Discipline of Developmental Science a. People began to wonder if nature/environment shaped development. Charles Darwin’s Origin in Species came out in 1859, which made many interested in developmental science (or the scientific study of children). b. The welfare of children became a large issue and industrialization played a large role in the study of children’s development. 3. Modern Developmental Science a. Interdisciplinary: the studies of childhood development are benefited from and help other studies, such as anthropology, biology, linguistics, neuroscience, and sociology. b. Theoretically grounded: c. Internationally: the growing appreciation for the study of childhood development, as well as the importance of cultural context and recognition among the people. Central Questions of Developmental Science 1. Is Human Development Continuous? a. Human development is different from other species because we grow up in a unique environment, which contains artifacts, knowledge, values, and beliefs; these necessities of life are our culture and provide each human with a “design for living”. b. Language is how culture is passed on and this communication is the most distinctive characteristics of our species. c. Continuity is characterized as a gradual accumulation of small changes. Ontogeny is the study of the development of an individual organism during its lifetime with an emphasis on qualitative change. 2. What are the Major Sources of Development? a.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSY 1630 taught by Professor Hoover-dempsey during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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Chapter 1 Questions - Chapter 1 Questions The Study of...

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