Psych. Chapter 1 Study Guide

Psych. Chapter 1 Study Guide - Psychology-Chapter 1 The...

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Psychology—Chapter 1 The Study of Child Development Victor: o Considered “not fully human” because he lacks social skills (isolation from society prevented him from mental development) o Political issues associated with Victor: Idea that some people are born royal and others are born slaves France had just switched from a monarchy to a democracy and the people of the new republic wanted to prove that anyone could succeed with a proper education o Philosophical issues associated with Victor: Connection with the Enlightenment and Renaissance Victor emerged at a time where there was a large interest in where humans come from and how they develop over time childhood is a notion of a cultural/social invention o Jean-Marc Itard tried to teach Victor to categorize objects for communication and reason o What explains Itard’s failure? He was a pioneer of cognitive studies and did not have enough experience and/or knowledge Victor could have actually been disabled He missed vital critical periods (ex. language), which made him damaged beyond repair The discipline of developmental science: o Philosophical questions about the nature of children o Practical concerns about the welfare of children (industrialization had transformed the role of children in society and the setting within which they developed) Modern developmental science: o Theoretically grounded: Assembling facts into larger patterns called theories Theory—framework of ideas or body of principles that can be used to guide the collection and interpretation of a set of facts to increase our understanding of human nature and development as a whole o Interdisciplinary: The studies of childhood development are benefited from and help other studies, such as anthropology, biology, linguistics, neuroscience, and sociology o Increasingly international (or cross-cultural): Growing appreciation of the importance of cultural context in the developmental process and recognition of the increasing interacting among the world’s people As a result we have adopted the terms developmentalists (to describe it’s practitioners) and developmental science (to designate the discipline to which they contribute) Central Questions of Developmental Science Is human development continuous?
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o Human beings evolve to a place that differentiates us from other animals (even though we share 98% of the genetic makeup) because of our unique environment o Culture is a “man-made” part of the environment that greats human beings at birth and provides each developing individual with a “design for living” that he or she acquires from the community o Language is what makes humans distinct and unique because it allows us to pass on our culture to succeeding generations o Continuity—gradual acclamation of small changes (or relatively continuous change) What are major sources of development? o
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Psych. Chapter 1 Study Guide - Psychology-Chapter 1 The...

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