HIST 405N week 4.docx - The Compromise of 1850 was written...

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The Compromise of 1850 was written by senator Stephen Douglas conceded of five separate bills, which attempted to resolve disagreements over slavery and territory expansion in the United State. The compromise was composed in hopes to avoid crisis of disunion between the north and south. One of bills passed was to allow California admitted to the United States as a free state, which pleased the north. Second, slave trade was abolished in Washington, DC. Third, Congress defined the borders of Texas and New Mexico. Congress did not permit for enlarged Texas and compensated Texas with ten million dollars. Fourth, popular sovereignty would decide on allowing slavery in new territories. “Finally, and most controversially, a fugitive slave act was passed, requiring northerners to return runaway slaves to their owners under penalty of law” (US History, n.d.). The fugitive slave act favored slaveholders, which helps protect the institution of slavery. “The federal law imposed heavy fines and prison sentences on northerners and Midwesterners who aided runaway slaves or refused to join possess to catch fugitives” (OpenStax, 2019). Slave catchers even abducted free northern African Americans. African Americans were not able to testify their status as slave or free person. Additionally, the commissioner received more financial benefit sending the African Americans to the south. The commissioner received ten dollars deciding to send African American to the south compared to five dollars declaring the African American was free.

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