Civil Rights Section Notes

Civil Rights Section Notes - History of the Civil Rights...

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History of the Civil Rights Movement Section Notes SEPTEMBER 12, 2007 NOTES What else is going on that affects the history? 1930s and 1940s effect of the civil rights movement Legacy Changed alliance from Republican to Democratic because of New Deal 1930s FDR very popular with African-Americans because Helped with the programs Enemy of a lot of southern democrats (Dixiecrats) Executive Order 8802 no racial discrimination in jobs o Federal government taking step to pay attention to race in America Increased black population in politics/government Eleanor Roosevelt began speaking out New Deal has a mixed legacy AAA; MRA; CCC Many programs in New Deal enforced hierarchy of whites Welfare programs did help blacks in America Empowerment after the 30s and faith in federal government A. Philip Randolph Have to align with whites Creates labor union Successes threatens March on Washington; forces FDR to pass the Executive Order WWII Truman desegregates the military Many industrial jobs open up NAACP 1940s litigating; trying to break down idea of separate but equal 1940s there was an expansion of black activism Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954 o Doesn’t come out of nowhere; a lot of work before the Brown decision o Cold War; many felt that racism at home hurt them; fighting for democracy abroad but there is still not equality at home o International politics increasingly influenced racial politics o Experiences of the 9 justices o Separate but equal is not constitutional o Even if they are equal, separating denotes inferiority and there is a moral and
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psychological component o 14 th amendment Why is it specific to education? o Today, education is much more widespread it’s extensive o Before it didn’t affect the vast majority of people, but now it does o Essential to everyone to have a successful life to have a good education; should be equal o Education plays a different role than it did in the 1890s o Cornerstone of our democracy 2 nd Brown Decision in 1955 o States start to appeal because they need more time – it’s a very complex o School districts don’t have to be desegregated immediately o School boards shut down and refused to integrate; resistance o Law that is passed and reality of how it plays out It’s significance and role in society; even if it wasn’t rolled out on the ground immediately, the decision came from the federal government (major role on blacks side) Symbolic significance Southern reaction (massive resistance) civil rights movement might not have started the same way It gave new life to the movement; made it apparent that change could happen Galvanizing effort Support and sympathy from North Acts as a catalyst for subsequent results They have a legal legitimacy Comfort of having federal government behind them “If we are then the constitution is wrong…the supreme courts is wrong…this nation is wrong” Disagreement with Brown Decision Rehnquist o We should not read sociology into the constitution
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Civil Rights Section Notes - History of the Civil Rights...

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