ASIA212Varley

1 higashiyama epoch of the late fifteenth century was

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Unformatted text preview: ogunal collection, by this time the largest single accumulation of Chinese treasures in Japan. The companions were artistically talented and discriminating men who were on very intimate terms with the shogun and who were entrusted with the general conduct of his cultural affairs. They included the “three ami”36 (Nòami, 1397–1471; his son Geiami, 1431–85; and the latter’s son Sòami, d. 1525); and in tasks such as the cataloging of the shogunal art collection, which was done chiefly by Nòami and Geiami, these men set the standards for subsequent art connoisseurship in Japan. Chanoyu evolved during the fifteenth century. We cannot trace with historical accuracy each stage in this evolution, but we can hypothesize that the first was the adoption of rules for the preparation, serving, and consumption of tea and that the second was the creation of a setting— the tea room (chashitsu)—in which people gathered for tea. In the beginning, tea was prepared in a separate kitchen or outside corridor and then brought into the tea room. By subsequently moving the entire process of preparation, serving, and consumption of tea into a single room, the fifteenth-century creators of chanoyu established a microcosmic, self-contained “world of tea.” The tea room (chashitsu) was an offshoot of a new style of room—the shoin room—that appeared during the fifteenth century. The rooms of the earlier shinden mansions of the Heian courtiers had been little more than spaces enclosed by walls, sliding doors ( fusuma), and folding screens and other removable partitions. Their floors were of bare wood, and most rooms had no built-in features and little furniture. People sat on mats The Canons of Medieval Taste 127 Fig. 34 Shoin-style of interior architecture: at the right end of the far wall is the writing desk; to the left of it are the asymmetrical overhanging shelves (chigaidana); the floor is covered with tatami matting, and fusuma and shòji sliding doors can be seen in the left and right walls (drawing by Arthur Fleisher) placed on the floors as needed. During the medieval age, standardized rush matting (...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at UBC.

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