ASIA212Varley

Books explaining the various pastimes and giving

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Unformatted text preview: xample of it to come down to us from the Tokugawa period—and, indeed, one of the truly great masterpieces of architecture in all of Japanese history—is the Katsura Detached Palace in southwestern Kyoto, built over a period from about 1616 to 1660 by a branch of the imperial family (fig. 51). In the rambling structures of this villa, which has had a profound influence in the twentieth century on both Japanese and foreign architects, are combined those elements of Japanese architecture—including cleanness of line, simplicity of adornment, harmony of buildings to surrounding gardens and ponds, and the flow of space through rooms with readily removable partitions—that will forever be a source of aesthetic wonder and delight. Two authorities say this about the Katsura Detached Palace: “The Katsura Villa is perhaps the most perfect example in Japan of the integration of architecture and its natural surroundings. The rustic teahouses sequestered in garden corners, the stones leading from the pond up to the Shoin complex, the open verandas and removable exterior screens, all contribute to that interrelation.”11 The reference here to rustic teahouses calls attention to the fact that Katsura, with its several retreats The Flourishing of a Bourgeois Culture 179 Fig. 51 Katsura Detached Palace (photograph by Joseph Shulman) for the enjoyment of tea or engagement in the tea ceremony, is also an outstanding example of the third of the shoin styles, the sukiya or teahouse style. One final work of Tokugawa-period architecture that must be noted is the Tòshògû Shrine in Nikkò (fig. 52). Present-day visitors to Japan who take the excursion of several hours by train from Tokyo to Nikkò will be enchanted by its beautiful mountain and forest setting. They will also be dazzled by a shrine comprising brilliantly colored buildings, almost completely encased in a profusion of carvings and other ornamentation, that are marvels of craftsmanship. This great shrine was constructed during the seventeenth ce...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at UBC.

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