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Unformatted text preview: its ancestors are gods has triumphed. I felt something more than mere
wonder.” Choosing the classical waka form of verse, a poet proclaimed
that “The time has come, To slaughter America and England.” And another poet grandly pronounced:
Remember December eighth!
On this day the history of the world was changed.
The Anglo-Saxon powers
On this day were repulsed on Asian land and sea.
It was their Japan which repulsed them,
A tiny country in the Eastern Sea,
Nippon, the Land of the Gods
Ruled over by a living god.42 The Fruits of Modernity 303 Although the Japanese government was pleased to report Japan’s startlingly successful early victories, it concealed the defeats once they started
coming. The government, for example, proclaimed a Japanese victory at
Midway even though it was not only a defeat but, indeed, one of the
most decisive setbacks in the history of naval warfare. With the media
under its strict control, the government thus kept the Japanese public
largely in the dark about the true course of the war after Midway. But
when the systematic bombing of Japan began in late 1944, the truth
gradually became clear to everyone. A member of the air defense headquarters in Tokyo during that terrible time said this about the bombing:
It was the raids on the medium and smaller cities which had the worst effects
and really brought home to the people the experience of bombing and a
demoralization of faith in the outcome of the war. . . . It was bad enough in
so large a city as Tokyo, but much worse in the smaller cities, where most of
the city would be wiped out. Through May and June  the spirit of the
people was crushed. [When the B-29s dropped warning pamphlets,] the
morale of the people sank terrifically, reaching a low point in July, at which
time there was no longer hope of victory or draw but merely the desire for
ending the war.43 11 Culture in the Present Age After more than three and a half years of fighting, unconscionably prolonged in the last stages by the fanatical unwillingness of its rulers to recognize that...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at The University of British Columbia.
- Spring '13