Generally speaking those who know the meaning of the

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: n Shoki of the eighth century. In perhaps his best-known work, Observations on History (Dokushi Yoron), Hakuseki presented a careful analysis in terms of cause and effect of Japanese history from the time of the establishment of the Fujiwara regency in the Heian period until Hideyoshi’s unification of the country in the late sixteenth century (with particular emphasis on the rise of the military class to preeminence). Whereas Arai Hakuseki employed techniques of historical methodology that we would consider quite modern, other scholars of the early and mid-Tokugawa period undertook histories of Japan of a more traditional kind, written in Chinese and based on classical Chinese models of textual organization. One of these was The Comprehensive Mirror of Our Country (Honchò Tsugan)13 of the Hayashi family; another was The History of Great Japan (Dai Nihon Shi), compiled by a school for historical studies established in the Mito han. The Mito work, which was not actually completed until 1906, is a chronicle of Japan’s imperial line from the time of the mythical founding of the state by the first emperor in 660 b.c. until unification of the Northern and Southern Courts in 1392. Strongly moralistic in tone, it was greatly admired by loyalists of the late Tokugawa period, who attacked the shogunate and urged a restoration of the emperor to power. In fact, the early Mito scholars, whose daimyo was related to the Tokugawa family, had by no means intended their history to be subversive of the shogunate. Nevertheless, The History of Great Japan, which stresses the continuity and sanctity of the imperial institution in Japanese history, greatly aroused the nationalistic sentiments of those who finally carried out the Meiji Restoration of 1868. 216 Heterodox Trends Another source of inspiration for the loyalists of the Meiji Restoration was the collected writings of the School of National Learning (kokugakuha). This school arose in the eighteenth century as an antiquarian literary movement whose members investigated such ancient masterpieces as the Man’yòshû and The T...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at The University of British Columbia.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online