Ogy sorai on the other hand paid less attention to

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Unformatted text preview: essed with even their private behavior: Yamamoto Tsunetomo, a samurai from a Kyushu domain whose stories, advice, sayings, and injunctions were compiled and issued in 1716 under the title of Hagakure. Tsunetomo’s complaint about the rònin was that they did not act immediately after their 212 Heterodox Trends lord’s death, but waited almost two years. For Tsunetomo, delay, either because of hesitation or for the purpose of plotting or scheming, was anathema. The samurai way, he asserts in Hagakure, demands immediate action in all crises, action that the samurai should always anticipate—indeed expect—will lead to his death. Here is how Tsunetomo recommends that a samurai carry out revenge: The way of revenge lies simply in forcing one’s way into a place and being cut down. There is no shame in this. By thinking that you must complete the job you will run out of time. By considering things like how many men the enemy has, time piles up. . . . No matter if the enemy has thousands of men, there is fulfillment in simply standing them off and being determined to cut them all down.10 Tsunetomo further expounds on what we might call the rule of immediate action in this passage: When the time comes, there is no moment for reasoning. . . . Above all, the Way of the Samurai should be in being aware that you do not know what is going to happen next. . . . Victory and defeat are matters of the temporary force of circumstances. The way of avoiding shame is different. It is simply in death. Even if it is certain that you will lose, retaliate. Neither wisdom or technique has a place in this. A real man does not think of victory or defeat. He plunges recklessly towards an irrational death. By doing this, you will awaken from your dreams.11 In speaking about plunging recklessly toward an irrational death, Tsunetomo refers to what he identifies as shinigurui or “death frenzy.” Death frenzy calls upon the samurai, when faced with a crisis or even an uncertain situation, to enter into what can only be described as a self-induced s...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at The University of British Columbia.

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