This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: e of Masanobu in the late fifteenth century, the Kanò
artists had served the successive military rulers of Japan—the Ashikaga,
Nobunaga, and Hideyoshi—and shortly after the founding of the Tokugawa shogunate they entered into the employ of the country’s new warrior chieftains in Edo. Kanò Eitoku’s son, Mitsunobu (1565–1608), who
had assisted his father in the decoration of Nobunaga’s castle at Azuchi
and later did much work for Hideyoshi, was in his later years summoned
by Ieyasu to decorate the Tokugawa castle in Edo. But the true founder
or “restorer” of the Kanò as the official school of shogunal painters in
the Tokugawa era was Eitoku’s grandson, Tan’yû (1602–74), who moved
permanently to Edo in 1614. In time, there came to be four major and
twelve minor branches of the Kanò engaged on a stipendiary basis by
the shogunate. Moreover, many other bearers of the Kanò name were
employed by daimyos as their official han artists. The various Kanò
schoolmen thus secured a virtual monopoly of the appointments open to
painters among the new Tokugawa military elite. Anxious to please their
masters—who were strongly imbued with Confucian moralism—and
reluctant to innovate, the Kanò artists after Tan’yû produced little work
of real distinction. On the contrary, the best painting of the Tokugawa
period was done by others.
The outstanding artist of the early seventeenth century and one of 174 The Flourishing of a Bourgeois Culture Fig. 49 Poem scroll by Sòtatsu and Kòetsu (Seattle Art Museum) the finest painters in all of Japanese history was Tawaraya Sòtatsu
(d. 1643), a man of merchant stock who drew his inspiration from the
ancient cultural tradition of the imperial court. Although we know
almost nothing about Sòtatsu’s personal life, we can deduce some of the
influences that worked upon him from his close association with another
distinguished craftsman and artist of the age, Hon’ami Kòetsu (1558–
Kòetsu, the son of a Kyoto merchant family that dealt in fine swords,
was a person of many skills, including the tea ceremony, the making and
adornment of pottery...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at UBC.
- Spring '13