The basis of this ideology which was much influenced

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Unformatted text preview: e moved to Edo and turned his attention to prose literature. Ikku’s most popular work, the picaresque Hizakurige (A Journey by Foot), recounts the adventures of two ribald and devil-may-care rogues as they make their way down the Tòkaidò from Edo. In contrast to the sophisticated inquiries of Saikaku’s writings, Hizakurige, with its slapstick and its bawdy humor, portrays the world of lusty adventure and the irresistible pleasures of the flesh. The second major category of literature in the Bunka-Bunsei epoch was the historical novel, whose most noted author was Takizawa Bakin (1767–1848). Like Ikku, but unlike many writers of the epoch, Bakin was able to earn his living solely by his literary efforts. His magnum opus, written over a period of some twenty-eight years and intended to be the longest novel in either Chinese or Japanese, was entitled Satomi and the Eight Dogs (Nansò Satomi Hakkenden). It is the tale of eight men who vow to restore the fortunes of the warrior family of Satomi in the fifteenth century. Against this heroic, medieval background, Bakin set about demonstrating how such ethical values as filial piety, loyalty, chastity, and selflessness actually function in the lives of men. Bakin’s didacticism is all-encompassing, and each episode in Satomi and the Eight Dogs is designed to show how, inevitably, “virtue is rewarded and vice is punished” (kanzen chòaku). Compared to the literature of the floating world that was predominant through much of the Tokugawa period, this was indeed Heterodox Trends 231 sober writing. But Bakin’s great popular reception suggests that the temper of the times was turning more serious, at least in some circles; and many people were prepared and perhaps even anxious to rekindle Confucian traditions and some of the spirit of the more admirable behavior of the samurai. Before we leave the subject of heterodoxy during the Tokugawa period, a few words should be said about how heterodoxy spread even into the world of tea. The “orthodoxy...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2013 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Hans during the Spring '13 term at The University of British Columbia.

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