Assignment Unit 3.docx - The Employee Component dominated...

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The Employee Component dominated various studies on organizational behavior. Of note arethese important theories that affect motivation:Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsHerzberg’s Motivator-Hygiene TheoryMcClelland’s Learned Needs TheoryMcGregor’s Theory X and Theory YAdam’s Equity TheoryVroom’s Expectancy TheorySkinner’s Reinforcement TheorySelect 3 theories and explain how they have increased our understanding of motivation. Compareand contrast their influences on human motivation in the contemporary work setting, Then,choose one theory that best applies to your own personal and developmental journey.First,Maslow'sHierarchyofNeedsisaphilosophybasedontheunderlyingideathathierarchicallyclassifiedneedsareforindividuals.Forallcitizens,therearecertainbasicneeds,andintheirabsence,nothingelsematters.Theycontinuetomeethigher-ordercriteriaasindividualsfulfillthesebasicrequirements.Inotherwords,oncethelower-levelneedsarenotfulfilled,thehigherneedswillnotactasamotivator.ThemostsignificantcriteriaofMaslowarephysiologicalneeds.Nutritionalorfoodneeds,water,andotherbiologicalneedsarephysiologicalrequirements.Suchrequirementsarecriticalbecausewhentheyareabsent,theywillsearchforthemandtakeonallotherburdens.Whenphysiologicalneedsaremet,individualsappeartobeconcernedwithsafetyrequirementsthatincludefreedomfromrisk,discomfort,oranuncertainfuture.Atthenextstep,socialorbelongingneedsrefertotheneedtointeractwithotherpeople,tobeloved,andtobepermanentlyassociated.

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Term
Spring
Professor
JOHN YOEST
Tags
Frederick Herzberg

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