The hypermetabolic state accompanying infection, injury or burns is characterized by: A. 10% decrease in BMR B. Increased gluconeogenesis C. Decreased glycogenolysis D. Increased ketosis Answer:B The hypermetabolic state accompanying infection, injury, or burns is characterized by increased gluconeogenesis. Increased gluconegenesis occurs to raise blood glucose to meet the high energy demands of healing, which can raise the BMR by as much as 100%. Glycogenolysis is also increased to raise blood glucose, but ketosis is suppressed, because of hormonal regulation of the sympathetic nervous system. Question:46 Stomatis is treated with which of the following dietary interventions?