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Sacco and Vanzet09/26/2020 Natnael ShitayeFINAL DRAFT
Did Sacco and Vanzetti receive a Fair Trial?The trial and sentencing of Sacco and Vanzetti regarded by many as one of the most unlawful sensations of the early 20thcentury still have people talking about it to this day. The historic inconvenience took place in 1920 Massachusetts where a paymaster’s murder had two people,Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, arrested in that same year, trialed, sentenced to death in 1921, and being executed in 1927. Summarizing the whole event with just an overview of arrest, trial, and sentencing does not do it justice as the court process´ complexities made it in itself a concern of the public and a big one at that. There were public outroar from various places such as Massachusetts itself, other US cities but interestingly also internationally, like Europe for example. People were fast to pick on the lack of evidence there was to support Sacco and Vanzetti’s guiltiness and explained their harsh sentencing through their major enthusiasm and involvement in socialist political movements that had a certain type of stigma and negative connotation to them. If thisclaim, of corruption and prejudice being the main driving forces for the sentencing, happened to be true, then it would mean that there is a possibility that two complete innocent men were sentenced by the court on that day.I stand on the opinion that Sacco and Vanzetti did not receive a fair trial based on the sole reason that there was a lack of evidence to make any verdict of any kind, let alone sentencing a death penalty or two. Justice fairness and accessibility to all being the pillars of what a Corteshould look like, it is very apparent that neither of these things were at play when it came to Sacco and Vanzetti. And next to the absence of evidence, among characteristics of this Corte procedure that made it unfair were the judges prejudice but most importantly the trials propelling into a public case where the question of their involvement in the murder was SACCO AND VANZETTI1
hijacked and turned into a battle between patriotism versus treachery, anarchy, and socialism versus apparent peace and democracy, bringing in stigmas of politics and immigration into theconversation. Evidently the publics participation in the debate did not serve it justice. Putting all of these factors together, the legitimacy of the trial is put in question, and rightfully so as I will go over the points individually in the following.Looking at the case a full century later it would be very bias and naïve of me to judge it in favor of either Sacco or Vanzetti since I can’t and have not run a full investigation on all the facts, but for this case I am only interested in the procedure of the trial and its legitimacy.

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