Jainism Research - Jainism From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation search\"Jain and\"Jainas redirect here For other uses see

Jainism Research - Jainism From Wikipedia the free...

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Jainism From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search "Jain" and "Jainas" redirect here. For other uses, see Jain (disambiguation) and Jaina . Jainism This article is part of a series on Jainism Prayers and Vows Navakar Mantra · Ahimsa · Brahmacharya · Satya · Nirvana · Asteya · Aparigraha · Anekantavada · Parasparopagraho Jīvānām Key concepts Kevala Jñāna · Cosmology · Samsara · Karma · Dharma · Moksha · Gunasthana · Navatattva Major figures The 24 Tirthankaras · Rishabha · Mahavira · Acharya · Ganadhar · Siddhasen Divakar · Haribhadra Jainism by region India · Western · America Sects Svetambara · Digambar · Svetambar Terapanth · Sthanakvasi · Bisapantha · Murtipujaka
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Texts Kalpasutra · Agama · Tattvartha Sutra · Sanmatti Prakaran Other Timeline · Topics list Jainism Portal v · d · e Lord Mahavir Jainism ( / ˈ d ʒ e ɪ n ɪ z ə m/ ) is an Indian religion that prescribes pacifism and a path of non- violence towards all living beings. Its philosophy and practice emphasize the necessity of self- effort to move the soul towards divine consciousness and liberation . Any soul that has conquered its own inner enemies and achieved the state of supreme being is called Jina (Conqueror or Victor). Jainism is also referred to as Shraman (self-reliant) Dharma or the religion of Nirgantha (who does not have attachments and aversions) by ancient texts. Jainism is commonly referred to as Jain Dharma in Hindi and Samanam in Tamil . Jain doctrine teaches that Jainism has always existed and will always exist, [1][2][3] Historians date the foundation of organized Jainism to sometime between the 9th and the 6th centuries BCE . [4][5]
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Some have speculated that the religion may have its roots in much earlier times, reflecting native spirituality prior to the Indo-Aryan migration into India . [6][7][8] In the modern world, it is a small but influential religious minority with as many as 4.2 million followers in India , [9] and successful growing immigrant communities in North America , Western Europe , the Far East , Australia and elsewhere. [10] Jains have successfully sustained this longstanding religion to the present day and have significantly influenced and contributed to ethical , political and economic spheres in India. Jains have an ancient tradition of scholarship and have the highest degree of literacy for a religious community in India. [11][12] Jain libraries are the oldest in the country. [13] Tamil Jains and Kannada Jains who are native to their regions, residing in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka respectively since 1st century BCE, [14] are distinguishable from North Indian Jains in some of their routines and practices, but the core philosophies and belief systems are the same for all Jain communities.
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