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Texas 1 Either mandated by state at request of a charter school, or funded by school district. 2 Charter schools can provide transportation, or they can request that the school district provide it. 3 Same as any other school in the district. 4 At the request of the charter school, school district provides transportation. 5 Must provide a transportation plan for low-income or at-risk students or in North Carolina a plan for all students. 6 When convenient or feasible. The actual responsibility (if any) for providing transportation services or funding rests on
school districts in 12 states.26 Additionally, Georgia and Alaska require school districts to
provide charter school transportation “to the extent feasible.” In many other states, school
districts provide charter schools with transportation services in lieu of operating revenue.
In other states, charter schools buy transportation from school districts. Table 11 shows
which states mandate school districts to provide services directly to charter schools.
Although state law often does not require charter schools to provide transportation, many
do so anyway. Charter schools frequently contract with school districts, contract with
commercial providers or provide their own transportation. However, many charter schools
depend on parents to provide transportation, most commonly in states where school
districts do not have a mandated role. Parental provision of transportation constitutes a cost
shift from charter schools to parents both in terms of time and money spent on carpooling.
The cost shift could be viewed as desirable since parent-provided transportation frees
money to spend elsewhere in the school. However, providing no transportation may deter
some parents from enrolling their children. Evidence shows that families from ethnic
minority groups are more likely to see transportation as a barrier to public school choice
(Bauch and Goldring, 1995). For this reason, states like Florida, Illinois and South
Carolina require a transportation plan for low-income students. Depending on the
stringency of regulatory oversight, the transportation plan approach constitutes a minimal
safeguard. 26 Includes the nine listed in the first column plus Delaware, Alaska and Georgia. 49 Venturesome Capital: State Charter School Finance Systems In states where school districts are required to provide transportation, the degree of service
varies. In most states, the school district transportation obligations are confined to the
school district in which the students and charter schools are located. In Washington, D.C.
(where charter school students are eligible for reduced fares on mass transportation) and
Hawaii, for example, “yellow-bus” transportation across the entire school system is
generally available only to special education students for charter schools and other public
schools. Pennsylvania, on the other hand, requires school districts to transport charter
school students up to 10 miles over school district lines....
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Harvard.
- Spring '09