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Unformatted text preview: gh-spending, wealthy school districts generate more funding for charter
schools than poor school districts.19 18 At least one state document reviewed for this study indicates that district funds used for payment to
private schools and charter schools are withheld from the funding calculation, but the state's own worksheets
do not reflect this. In fact the private school funding line of the budget is specifically included in the
calculation of charter school revenue.
19 For calculations in the following table, the hypothetical basic elementary and middle cost charter schools
are located in William Penn school district, an average-spending Pennsylvania district, where charter schools
receive $5,939 per pupil. Approximately 80 percent of school districts allocate to charter schools between
$5,310 per pupil (Penncrest school district) and $7,682 (Gateway school district). These figures exclude
special education and other expenditures listed in the paragraph on base funding. 168 Appendix Pennsylvania Special Education: For each special education student, charter schools receive the average special education spending per pupil in the sending school district in addition to the base
payment. The average special education expenditure is calculated by dividing budgeted
special education costs by a flat 16% of ADM. This average incorporates spending for all
special needs students regardless of the charter school student’s specific disability. As with
school districts, charter schools can draw on additional state funds if a particular disability
requires an ultra high-cost accommodation.
Limited-English Proficiency: No state funding for charter schools or school districts.
Low-Income or Compensatory Education: In the basic formula, school districts receive extra money per child qualified for AFDC (federally funded Aid for Families with
Dependent Children). Because this funding is part of school district expenditures, every
charter school student brings a share of this funding with him or her regardless of the
student’s AFDC status or the AFDC status of the charter school the child attends. Charter
schools serving a predominantly low-income population may be underfunded.
Other State Categorical Funds: Because categorical programs are not excluded from the base district spending calculations as part of their base allotment, charter schools receive a
share of all the categorical funds received in the district. Charter schools receive funding
even if they do not provide qualifying programs.
Transportation: Transportation is provided for students in charter schools located within the district boundary in the same manner that transportation is provided to other schools in the
districts. Additionally, school districts provide transportation services up to 10 miles
beyond the district border to residents attending an out-of-district charter school. This
matches school district obligations to transport resident children to private schools.
Start-Up Assistance: A one-time payment from federal and...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Harvard.
- Spring '09