Venturesome Capital- State Charter School Finance Systems

Venturesome Capital State Charter School Finance Systems

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Unformatted text preview: gh-spending, wealthy school districts generate more funding for charter schools than poor school districts.19 18 At least one state document reviewed for this study indicates that district funds used for payment to private schools and charter schools are withheld from the funding calculation, but the state's own worksheets do not reflect this. In fact the private school funding line of the budget is specifically included in the calculation of charter school revenue. 19 For calculations in the following table, the hypothetical basic elementary and middle cost charter schools are located in William Penn school district, an average-spending Pennsylvania district, where charter schools receive $5,939 per pupil. Approximately 80 percent of school districts allocate to charter schools between $5,310 per pupil (Penncrest school district) and $7,682 (Gateway school district). These figures exclude special education and other expenditures listed in the paragraph on base funding. 168 Appendix Pennsylvania Special Education: For each special education student, charter schools receive the average special education spending per pupil in the sending school district in addition to the base payment. The average special education expenditure is calculated by dividing budgeted special education costs by a flat 16% of ADM. This average incorporates spending for all special needs students regardless of the charter school student’s specific disability. As with school districts, charter schools can draw on additional state funds if a particular disability requires an ultra high-cost accommodation. Limited-English Proficiency: No state funding for charter schools or school districts. Low-Income or Compensatory Education: In the basic formula, school districts receive extra money per child qualified for AFDC (federally funded Aid for Families with Dependent Children). Because this funding is part of school district expenditures, every charter school student brings a share of this funding with him or her regardless of the student’s AFDC status or the AFDC status of the charter school the child attends. Charter schools serving a predominantly low-income population may be underfunded. Other State Categorical Funds: Because categorical programs are not excluded from the base district spending calculations as part of their base allotment, charter schools receive a share of all the categorical funds received in the district. Charter schools receive funding even if they do not provide qualifying programs. Transportation: Transportation is provided for students in charter schools located within the district boundary in the same manner that transportation is provided to other schools in the districts. Additionally, school districts provide transportation services up to 10 miles beyond the district border to residents attending an out-of-district charter school. This matches school district obligations to transport resident children to private schools. Start-Up Assistance: A one-time payment from federal and...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Harvard.

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