Venturesome Capital- State Charter School Finance Systems

In some states school districts are supposed to pass

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: on, student health, after-school programs, professional development of faculty, technology and instructional materials. In some states, school districts are supposed to pass along funds for these functions to charter schools, while other states directly fund charter schools for categorical programs. In some instances, school districts provide the services directly to charter schools. School districts in some states are responsible for providing services to persons not regularly enrolled in their schools, such as transportation and textbooks for private schools, and adult education. Before analyzing charter school funding issues, it is important to examine the educational goals of the charter. For example, should a charter school receive adult education, special education or preschool funding if its mission (as expressed in the charter) relates only to elementary education? This section of Chapter 4 provides an indepth look at how these issues play out in transportation funding. A brief overview of other categorical funding concludes this section. Transportation Student transportation proves to be one of the more problematic finance issues for charter schools. Transportation often proves a barrier to the exercise of choice, especially for poor students. The transportation costs of charter schools obviously are higher than transportation serving a system of neighborhood schools even if school districts provide transportation for charter school students on regular bus routes. Legislatures should be concerned about imposing high-cost charter school transportation on school districts without also providing extra funding. Transportation generally emerges as the single largest categorical funding item unless special education is funded as a categorical program. For example, using 1994 data, state transportation funding in Connecticut averaged $36.4 million, covering approximately 30 percent of the transportation costs of school districts. All other state categorical programs, including aid to parochial schools was less than $14 million (Martin and Brewer, 1995). A major charter school issue centers on whether school districts or charter schools are responsible for providing these services. Questions sometimes arise as to how funding for transportation works for students traveling across school district lines to attend charter schools. Poor children are more likely to depend on bus transportation for a variety of reasons. Subtle issues of charter school selectivity become important when no transportation, other than car pools, is available to charter school students. Several states have directly addressed the issue of transporting low-income children to charter schools. In 48 Overview of Charter School Funding some areas, mass transportation is available and charter schools provide funds for students to use it. TABLE 11 Responsibility for Transportation School Districts Provide Charter School Transportation1 Charter Schools Have Specific Transportation Responsibilities No Transportation Required Connecticut,2 District of Columbia,3 Hawaii, 3 Kansas,3 Massachusetts,2 New Jersey, New Mexico, 3 Pennsylvania, Wisconsin3 Delaware,4 Florida,5 Illinois, 5North Carolina, 5 South Carolina5 Alaska,6 Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia,6 Louisiana, Michigan, Milwaukee, Minnesota,...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/11/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Harvard.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online