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Unformatted text preview: schools. At one end of the continuum, states match
funding to the specific disabilities of the children in charter schools through: 38 Overview of Charter School Funding § Actual costs;
§ Pupil weights based on student disability;
§ Categorical funding based on student disability.
Minnesota bases funding on the actual cost of services provided and on the concentration
of special education students in a school. Special education students in Hawaii, Kansas and
Wisconsin charter schools get services and funding on the same basis as other district
schools. In these states, funding is also based on actual costs, but targeted state funding
pays for only a portion of actual special education costs. The rest of the funding comes
from general operating revenues consisting of local revenues and general state aid.
Most of the other states at this end of the continuum use funding systems driven by student
weights seeking to match funding with particular categories of special needs including
Arizona, Delaware, Florida, South Carolina, Washington, D.C., and Texas. California and
New Jersey attach specific dollar amounts to different categories of special education
students. The weights or targeted categorical aids are based on a projection of the cost of
the particular child, as opposed to the actual expense. Charter schools and school districts
that provide more efficient or less costly services get the same revenue as schools that are
either less efficient or spare less expense. As a result, weighting systems create incentives
to contain costs. In a system based on actual costs, however, special education revenue
declines as spending declines.
TABLE 5 Special Education Funding
Based on Disabilities of
Students Enrolled In Charter
School Based on
School District Matches School District’s
Spending or Revenue Arizona, 1 Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, 2
Hawaii, 2 Kansas, 2 Michigan,
New Jersey, New Mexico, 2
Minnesota,5 South Carolina,
Texas, Wisconsin1 California, Colorado,
Connecticut,3 Illinois3 Alaska,4 Arizona,1
North Carolina,4 Rhode
Island 1 All school districts and charter schools in Arizona receive a weight of 0.158, worth about $375, for every pupil enrolled, whether
or not they have a disability. No other funding is available for low-cost disabilities such as speech and learning disabilities, but
students with middle- and high-cost disabilities generate substantial funding through a weighting system. 2 On same basis as any school in the district as opposed to receiving direct funding from the state formula. 3 District of residence pays actual cost if charter school provides service. 4 Special education students generate funding, but not based on a specific disability. 5 Based on actual cost. States in the middle of this continuum leave special education funding to negotiations or
other arrangements between charter schools and school districts. In Illinois and
Connecticut, school districts are responsible for either providing or funding the additional...
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- Spring '09