Venturesome Capital- State Charter School Finance Systems

Minnesota bases funding on the actual cost of

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Unformatted text preview: schools. At one end of the continuum, states match funding to the specific disabilities of the children in charter schools through: 38 Overview of Charter School Funding § Actual costs; § Pupil weights based on student disability; § Categorical funding based on student disability. Minnesota bases funding on the actual cost of services provided and on the concentration of special education students in a school. Special education students in Hawaii, Kansas and Wisconsin charter schools get services and funding on the same basis as other district schools. In these states, funding is also based on actual costs, but targeted state funding pays for only a portion of actual special education costs. The rest of the funding comes from general operating revenues consisting of local revenues and general state aid. Most of the other states at this end of the continuum use funding systems driven by student weights seeking to match funding with particular categories of special needs including Arizona, Delaware, Florida, South Carolina, Washington, D.C., and Texas. California and New Jersey attach specific dollar amounts to different categories of special education students. The weights or targeted categorical aids are based on a projection of the cost of the particular child, as opposed to the actual expense. Charter schools and school districts that provide more efficient or less costly services get the same revenue as schools that are either less efficient or spare less expense. As a result, weighting systems create incentives to contain costs. In a system based on actual costs, however, special education revenue declines as spending declines. TABLE 5 Special Education Funding Based on Disabilities of Students Enrolled In Charter School Based on Negotiations with School District Matches School District’s Special Education Spending or Revenue Arizona, 1 Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, 2 Hawaii, 2 Kansas, 2 Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, 2 Minnesota,5 South Carolina, Texas, Wisconsin1 California, Colorado, Connecticut,3 Illinois3 Alaska,4 Arizona,1 Louisiana, Massachusetts, Milwaukee, Pennsylvania,4 North Carolina,4 Rhode Island 1 All school districts and charter schools in Arizona receive a weight of 0.158, worth about $375, for every pupil enrolled, whether or not they have a disability. No other funding is available for low-cost disabilities such as speech and learning disabilities, but students with middle- and high-cost disabilities generate substantial funding through a weighting system. 2 On same basis as any school in the district as opposed to receiving direct funding from the state formula. 3 District of residence pays actual cost if charter school provides service. 4 Special education students generate funding, but not based on a specific disability. 5 Based on actual cost. States in the middle of this continuum leave special education funding to negotiations or other arrangements between charter schools and school districts. In Illinois and Connecticut, school districts are responsible for either providing or funding the additional...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Harvard.

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