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100 $ 6,500 $ 6,500 b 0 $
$ 0 $ - $ 18 $ 36 5. Student transportation
6. Federal funding
Bilingual and immigrant
Other federal programs $ 380 $ 380 $ 380 $
$ 58 $
58 Total revenue
Without special education $ 6,938
$ 6,938 3. Low income 0 c 4. Limited-English proficient d e - 12
12 $ 1,000
- 24 24 $ 8,227
$ 7,083 48 $ 2,000
- $ 9,516
$ 7,228 ASSUMPTIONS: Each school is sponsored by the state chartering authority. Basic elementary charter school
enrolls only elementary students who generate no extra funds. Middle cost K-12 charter school has the same
student population characteristics as the average Connecticut district. At-risk upper grade charter school has
twice the concentration of special education and at-risk students as the state average.
a Most special education costs are financed from general operating revenue (state special education aid
averages about $85 per pupil).
School districts either pay charter schools for the extra costs of special education or provide the services “inkind.” Special education costs average 18 percent of spending in Connecticut. The estimated value of federal,
state and district-provided special education is about 18 percent of expenditures.
Unlike school districts, state charter schools receive no funding adjustment for low income pupils.
$150 per bilingual pupil when schools have more than 20 pupils needing a bilingual program.
Estimated state average cost per student enrolled (not per student transported) for 1998-99. Includes both
state and local sources. 116 Appendix Delaware Delaware
Base Funding: Per-pupil funding is based on expenditures in the home districts of charter school students. Per-pupil revenue is calculated separately for regular and special
education based on school district expenditures. The state funding formula assigns
different unit amounts, usually teachers, to pupils of various grade levels and special
education categories. It also provides differentiated funding based on staff experience and
credentialing. Charter schools receive staff experience funding based on the characteristics
of their own staff.
Funding Based on School District Characteristics: Charter school funding varies with school district spending. This small state relies heavily on state funding, so there is little
variation in spending among school districts based on wealth, tax effort or geography.
About 80 percent of school districts spend between $8,730 and $9,270 per pupil excluding
federal funds, special education and other categorical programs.
Grade Level Funding: The formula contains very small adjustments for grade level cost differentials based on standardized pupil to teacher ratios. In effect, pupils in grades 1-3
receive 5 percent greater funding because one teacher is funded for every 19 students
instead of one teacher for every 20 students. There is no adjustment for high school grades.
Special Education: Funding for special education is based on the average school district spe...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Harvard.
- Spring '09