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Unformatted text preview: s because the student is no longer
counted as a student in the district.
Pupil Count: Unlike most states, Texas charter schools base funding on average daily attendance (ADA). Charter schools with low attendance rates receive less funding. The
alternative method, average daily membership (ADM) was used in every state with charter
schools in 1997-98 except California. Low-income and at-risk students usually have the
highest absence rates. ADA funding discourages the establishment of charter schools
serving these high-cost children, and probably leads to funding problems for charter
schools that choose to enroll these students.
21 In the following table, it is assumed that all students come from the same school district, but charter
schools often enroll students from several districts.
Texas supplies an online tool for calculating charter school funding in specific school districts based on the
educational and demographic characteristics of student enrollment. The Web site is
<www.tea.state.tx.us/school.finance/funding/charter.html>. Appendix 177 Venturesome Capital: State Charter School Finance Systems District Size Adjustments: The small district (fewer than 1,600 students) adjustment factor depends on enrollment, grade taught, and whether school district area exceeds 300 square
miles. A mid-size district (between 1,600 and 5,000 students) adjustment factor is based on
enrollment alone. Funds generated by district size adjustments are passed on to charter
Funding Based on School District Characteristics: The base funding formula for school districts accounts for geographic variations in resources costs using a Cost of Education
Index (CEI). The CEI is incorporated into the foundation allowance applying to charter
schools. Despite an equalization aid formula that has gradually reduced spending
inequalities in recent years, Texas still has substantial spending inequities based on
property wealth and tax effort. Charter school funding reflects the remaining inequalities.
In Texas, 80 percent of districts have a foundation allowance between $3,900 and $5,400.
Special Education: A pupil weighting system provides more funding for a variety of special needs including speech, resource room, and self-contained settings (see the following
table). For example, mainstreamed special education students are weighted as an additional
1.1 student (totaling 2.1 students).
Gifted and Talented: Schools receive an additional allotment of 0.12 (12 percent extra) for gifted and talented students, but not more than 5 percent of students can be funded as
Limited-English Proficiency: LEP students secure 10 percent extra funding through the weighting system.
Low-Income or Compensatory Education: Compensatory education students receive 20 percent extra funding through the weighting system. Eligibility is based on enrollment in
the free and reduced-price lunch program.
Career and Technology Education. Students served in career and technology programs obtain 67 percent more...
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- Spring '09