SAMUEL HINOJOSA - Analysis_Labor Movement in the Gilded Age_3.0.pdf

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Historical Context:Review the cartoon below and answer the two analysis questions that follow.Analysis Questions:1)Close Reading:Based on the images in the cartoon above, whom do you think would winthe tournament created by the illustrator - the monopolies or labor? Why?Labor Movement in the Gilded AgeAnalysisObjectiveWhat can we learn about the labor movement in the Gilded Age by comparing theHaymarket Riot, the Homestead Strike, the Pullman Strike, and the LudlowMassacre?
2)Analysis:What do you think the illustrator is trying to say about the real-life battle betweenmonopolies and laborers?
Labor in the Gilded Age - Directions:You have been assigned to read about ONE of four majorlabor-related events in US History from the Gilded Age. Read about your event, and fill out the tablebelow based on your reading. When your group is ready, should share the information about yourLabor Movement event with the group, using the information to complete the table below and theanalysis questions that follow.Analysis Questions:EventIndustryPeople InvolvedWhat happened: Cause, Effect, ImpactHaymarketRiot1886steel,railways,andlumberindustries,Workers on strike, police,and AugustSpiesAugust Spies gave a speech in which he toldstriking workers to stay calm and stand bytheir union, or they would not succeed intheir strike for better working conditions andan 8-hour workday. At the end of his speech,the bell for the end of the workday rang out,and striking unionists attacked men who hadbroken the strike and gone to work. In tryingto calm the fights that followed this attack,police opened fire, killing four demonstrators.As a result, August spies were arrested.HomesteadStrike 1892CarnegieSteelcompanyThe strike pitted the company’smanagement (which includedowner American industrialist andphilanthropist Andrew Carnegieand American industrialist HenryClay Frick), the strikebreakers(replacement workers) who hadbeen hired, and the PinkertonNational Detective Agency againstmembers of the AmalgamatedAssociation of Iron and SteelWorkers, who worked for thecompany.The Homestead strike, also known as theHomestead steel strike or Homestead massacre,was an industrial lockout and strike which beganon July 1, 1892, culminating in a battle betweenstrikers and private security agents on July 6,1892. The battle was a pivotal event in U.S. laborhistory.PullmanStrike1894It pitted theAmericanRailway Union(ARU) againstthe PullmanCompany, themain railroads,and the federalgovernment ofthe UnitedStates underPresidentGroverCleveland. Thestrike andboycott shutdown much ofthe nation'sfreight andpassengertraffic west ofDetroit,Michigan.

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Andrew Carnegie, Strike action, Homestead Strike, Pinkerton National Detective Agency, Pullman Strike

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