1001 Lecture 1 rev RWM 2 12-1

Highdegreeofcolorintensity acrylics acrylics

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Unformatted text preview: aning thick (literally: paste­like) application of paint Creates texture (term describes characteristics pertaining to the surface of a painting, sculpture, etc.) Diaphanous paint; the opposite of oil glazes Relief­like, three­dimensional quality of paint that sits on the Oil and Canvas Combined Oil and Canvas Combined Antonella da Messina, The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian, ca. 1475­1477, oil on wood Antonella is credited with introducing the mixed­oil technique to Venice (Italy), when he arrived there in 1475 Native of Sicily, learned innovative Flemish techniques of oil painting (Habsburg empire); novelty in Italy Conservation problem affecting frescoes in Venice: combination of salinity and humidity of air due to Adriatic lagoon setting (rapid deterioration of frescoes) Out of the need for a solution fixing this problem, Venice became the cradle of the oil on canvas technique Tin Tubes and Plein Air Painting Tin Tubes and Charles­François Daubigny, Washerwomen on the Shore of the Oise River, oil on panel, 1855 Artist was part of the Barbizon group of painters in France, who pioneered “plein air” painting (painting in the open, painting in nature) Painting in the open was made possible by the invention of tin tubes by the middle of the 19th century: previously, artists ground their own pigments, which made it very difficult to produce art outside the studio setting Daubigny never worked but out of doors and even constructed a canopied rowboat as a floating studio in order to paint the banks of the river from across a placid strip of water Watercolor/Gouache Ingredients for Transparent Watercolor are: Powdered pigment Binder = gum Arabic Thinner = water Opaque watercolor (Gouache) adds: Chalk dust The pioneer in watercolor painting was Albrecht Dürer, a Northern Renaissance artist Watercolor/Gouache Watercolor/Gouache Albrecht Dürer, The Great Piece of Turf, 1503, watercolor Winslow Homer, Sloop, Nassau, 1899, watercolor and graphite on off­white wove paper Acrylics Acrylics Of relatively recent invention (second half 20th century) Pigments suspended in acrylic polymer medium Transparent “films” of color Dry fast High degree of color intensity Acrylics Acrylics David Hockney, A Bigger Splash, 1967, acrylic on canvas The Pizz, The Teenage Detox Hospital, 1999, acrylic on canvas Scientific Color Theory Scientific Color Theory From a scientific point of view, color perception is but the wavelength of white light as it hits the surface of an object and is refracted In 1666, Sir Isaac Newton discovered that a prism can break white light into its component part; birth of the idea of the color spectrum The Color Wheel The Color Wheel Colors of the spectrum are also called hues Primary colors: red, yellow, and blue; Secondary colors (obtained by mixing): green, violet, orange Complementary colors: orange/blue, red/green, violet/yellow Color printing techniques rely on these insights into the scientific decomposition of color Complementary Colors in Complementary Colors in Pointillism Georges Seurat, The Bec du Hoc at Grandcamp, oil on canvas, 1885 Intrigued by the modern, scientific discoveries of color theory, many artists of the late 19th century (f. ex. Seurat), tried to develop styles and painting methods that...
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