1001 Lecture 1 rev RWM 2 12-1

Wavesboundariesof shapesandspaces

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Unformatted text preview: meant to convince; art as an agent of societal change) Emotional or subjective contexts (art as reflection of inner emotional states [Expressionism], an autobiographical statement; example of Rembrandt self­ portraits, next lecture) Institutional context (temples, churches, art academies, museums) Economic context (patronage vs. art market, art as a storage of value) Function of Drawings Function of Drawings Traditionally, artists were first taught how to draw before painting a picture or sculpting a sculpture Ever since the Renaissance, in the Western (academic) artistic tradition, drawing skills were the cornerstone of artistic practice; an outstanding draftsman promised to become a great artists Drawings allow artists to collect and record ideas (sketchbooks), to try out proportions and to visualize ideas (preparatory drawings); sometimes, however, drawings can be an end in themselves Italian: disegno; English expression “design” is a distant relative Drawings Drawings Media: Pen, pencil, ink, wash, watercolor, gouache, charcoal, pastel, etc. Support: Walls, paper, cloth, etc. Drawings Drawings Vincent van Gogh, The Leonardo da Vinci, A Man Fountain in the Hospital Tricked by Gypsies, ca. 1493, Garden, 1889, pen and ink pen and ink drawing drawing Line(s) Line(s) Extension of the dot Indicate direction, motion (esp. waves), boundaries of shapes and spaces Can imply volumes of solid masses Means: Tonal variations/Shading Hatching/Cross­hatching Preparatory Drawings Preparatory Drawings Georges Seurat, Bathers, Georges Seurat, L’Echo, Study Asnières, 1883/1884, oil on for Bathers, Asnières, 1882­ canvas 1891, black conté drawing Pastel Drawings Pastel Rosalba Carriera, Portrait of a Girl with a Bussolà, 1725­1730, pastel on paper • Pastel is chalk­like, friable medium • Requires as support colored paper Edgar Degas, Le petit déjeuner après le bain (Jeune femme s’essuuyant), ca. 1894, pastel on paper Media Types of paint: Oil Fresco Tempera Encaustic (hot wax) Acrylics, etc. Types of support: Painting Painting Canvas Board Copper Paper, etc. Examples: Oil on canvas, tempera on board, oil on paper, oil on copper, etc. Color Pigments Color Pigments All paints consist of two or three ingredients: A basic substance ­ (powdered pigment) A binder A thinner (watercolor and gouache do not need thinner) Encaustic Encaustic paint has as its ingredients: Powdered pigment Binder = beeswax Thinner ­ no substance thins encaustic paint, instead HEAT is the thinner Used since ancient times (think of mummy portraits, and ancient Egypt) Encaustic Encaustic Mummy Portrait of a Man, Faiyum (Egypt), ca. A.D. 160­170, encaustic painting on wood (Albright­Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo) • Encaustic = Hot wax painting Jasper Johns, Flag, 1954, encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood Fresco Painting (Buon Fresco) Fresco paint has as its ingredients: Powdered pigment Binder = lime in PLASTER Thinner = water Used since ancient times (in some Egyptian tombs that are at least 5,000 years old!) Name comes from the...
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