Definitions for Terms - DEFINITIONS FROM FACS 3370 ADVANCED...

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DEFINITIONS FROM FACS 3370: ADVANCED NUTRITION Chapter 16 Life Cycle Nutrition: Adulthood and Later Years A. inflammation of a joint, usually accompanied by pain, swelling, and structural changes—arthritis B. area of brain responsible for language and information processing—cerebral cortex C. long duration of life--longevity D. chemical released at the end of a nerve cell when a nerve impulse arrives there— neurotransmitter E. any threat to a person’s well-being; a demand placed on the body to adapt—stress F. chronic inflammation of the stomach accompanied by a diminished size and functioning of the mucous membrane and glands—atrophic gastritis G. a person’s age in years from his or her date of birth—chronological age H. nerve cell; structural and functional unit of nervous system; initiate and conduct nerve transmissions--neuron I. a person’s age as estimated from her or his body’s health and probable life expectancy—physiological age J. thickenings of the eye lenses that impair vision and can lead to blindness—cataracts K. the average number of years lived by people in a given society—life expectancy L. the maximum number of years of life attainable by a member of a species—life span M. the loss of brain function beyond the normal loss of physical adeptness and memory that occurs with aging—senile dementia N. the body’s response to stress, mediated by both nerves and hormones—stress response O. phenomenon in which two or more discrete influences or agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effects of the individual agents--synergistic Nutrition Intervention A. material left in the intestine after digestion--residue B. system for evaluation of set parameters given the desired threshold or tolerance of occurrence—outcome measures C. the foods and beverages allowed on a “regular” or “house” diet—standard diet D. intravenous provision of nutrients that bypasses the GI tract—parenteral nutrition E. provision of nutrients using the GI tract, including the use of tube feedings and oral diets—enteral nutrition F. through the vein or venous system--intravenous G. standard flow of care for a given diagnosis—clinical pathway H. progression of diet, usually texture, toward a standard or house diet—progressive diet
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Chapter 19 Diet, Medications, and Dietary Supplements A. formed when oxalic acid combines with calcium, iron, sodium, magnesium, or potassium; binds nutrients to prevent absorption--oxalates B. medication used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger--warfarin C. nonnutrient component of plant seeds; binds with minerals to form insoluble complexes--phytates D. monoamine oxidase inhibitor; medications used to treat hypertension—MAO inhibitors E. ephedra; raises basal metabolic rate, heart rate, and is shown to cause strokes and heart attacks—Ma huang F. sugar alcohol used as a sweetener—sorbitol G. physician-prescribed or over-the-counter pharmaceuticals used to treat or prevent
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Definitions for Terms - DEFINITIONS FROM FACS 3370 ADVANCED...

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