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Psychology_notes-SEMESTER - Introductory Psychology(2000...

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Introductory Psychology (2000): Section 2 Fall 2006: MWF 10:30-11:30 143 Coates Mr. Thomas J Domangue Office: 221 Audobon hall MWF: 11:45-1:15 E-mail: [email protected] Chapter One I Psychology: the scientific study of mental processes (mind) and behavior) - Root word: “Psyche”- soul or breath (Greek roots) A. Science a. From the latin word “scire” – to know Empirical Observation: - objective evidence gathered through direct observation o look at certain behaviors Common Sense Statements: - Out of sight, out of mind - Birds of a feather, flock together - Look before you leap - Never to old to learn - Absence makes the heart group fonder - Opposites attract - He who hesitates is lost - You can’t teach an old dog a new trick Aggression: Males v. Females - Experiment: 9-13 boys and girls in a schoolyard o Males are more aggressive o Conclusion: it all depends upon what you were looking for B. Mind/Mental Processes: a. Contents and processes of subjective experience (sensations, thoughts and emotions, etc) [ what you feel, what you think, how you feel] C. Behavior a. Observable actions performed by a person/animal i. Voluntary behavior – think before you do ii. Involuntary behavior b. Observance i. Motions and body language ii. Cellular (brain waves) II. Cognitive Process a. Mental/thinking process III. Three Levels of Analysis a. Level of Brain: i. Events involving the structure and properties of organizing itself 1. central nervous system a. brain and spinal cord i. neurotransmitters b. Level of the Person:
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i. Events involving the nature of beliefs desires and feeling 1. What are beliefs, morals, superstitions, stereotypes, expectations c. Level of the group” i. Involving relationships between people among groups and cultures 1. influence by the environment IV. What today’s psychologists do? a. Clinical and Counseling Psychology: The healing profession i. Clinical Psychologists: diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems 1. treat disorders and deal with clients 2. training others who are new to the field, may teach, do volunteer work ii. Counseling Psychologists: help people deal with naturally arising issues 1. helps people how to deal with new situations iii. Psychiatrist: physician who focuses on mental disorders 1. prescribes medicine 2. has to go through medical school 3. not trained in giving psychological tests iv. Social Worker: teaches clients how to use social service systems v. Psychiatric Nurse: provides psychotherapy and works with medical doctors b. Applied Psychology: Better Living Through Psychology i. Applied Psychologist: conduct research to solve practical problems 1. work in industry and environments 2. WWII- pilots ejected from own planes, found all buttons were similar, changed the features in planes 3. jury consultants ii. Human factor psychology: improves products for more efficient use c. Academic (research) psychology: research and training i. Research psychologist: tries to discover the basic principles of mind and behavior
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Psychology_notes-SEMESTER - Introductory Psychology(2000...

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