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Study Guide Music Apprecaition test 3

Study Guide Music Apprecaition test 3 - Study Guide Music...

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Study Guide: Music Appreciation Test 3 Classical Style (1750-1820) Theme - melodic idea used as a basic building block construction of a composition Motive - short melodic or rhythmic idea; smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic- harmonic-rhythmic unit Thematic development - musical expansion of a theme by varying it melodic outline, harmony, or rhythm Texture - mostly homophonic, but with frequent shifts Sequence - restatement of an idea or motive at a different pitch level Classical Symphony - is an extended ambitious composition typically lasting between 20-45 minutes, exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the classical orchestra. It consists of 4 movements: o Fast movement o Slow movement o Dance-related movement o Fast movement Contrasting themes that were always resolved at the end The Classical Orchestra o Standardization of instruments o Increase size of the orchestra o Composer made use of the various tone colors available Instruments not treated as equal Melodies move between instruments Vienna o Music center in Europe for classical composers/players o Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven were drawn to Vienna to learn o Music was still to aristocracy but the general public began having open concerts as they made more money Sonata Form Sonata Form refers to the form of a single movement . Not to be confused with sonata which is a whole composition made up of sever movements So the opening fast movement of a sonata is played in sonata form
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o 3 main sections Exposition Sets up conflict between tonic key and new key between 1 st and 2 nd theme Starts with Tonic then a bridge/transition to the 2 nd theme or a new key Often sets a mood of contrast/tension/forward motion Development Often most dramatic section of movement Themes are developed, treated in new ways Themes are broken into fragments or motives Motives- Fragment of a theme, or short musical idea which is developed within a composition Harmonic tension demands resolution Complex polyphonic texture Recapitulation Brings resolution as we hear in the 1 st theme in tonic key Here the 1 st theme, bridge, 2 nd theme and concluding section are presented as they were in exposition, but now in tonic key They are followed by a concluding section called a coda or tail Rounds off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further Here we see flexibility from sonata form Theme and Variations o Theme and variation is a basic musical idea (theme) that is repeated over and over being changed each time o Outlined as such o Theme A to Variation A1 to variation A2 and so on o The same time length as theme A, but the mood, melody, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, tone color, and accompaniment my be different o Single Part Form A A1 A2 A3 no B section Minuet and Trio o Minuet and Trio often used as the third movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works.
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