Psych+2000+Chapter+8+Memory+students

Psych+2000+Chapter+8+Memory+students - Models of Memory 1....

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Models of Memory 1. Levels of Processing degree of information encoding/processing determines strength of memory a. Maintenance rehearsal - repeating an item to keep it active b. Elaborative rehearsing – memorization method of relating new information to information already stored in memory 1. More retrieval cues 2. Distinctive memory
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Models of Memory Con’t 1. Transfer Appropriate Processing Model – critical determinant of memory is how well retrieval and encoding processes match . 3. Information Processing Model – information passes through sensory, short-term, and long- term memory
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Three Stages of Memory
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Storing New Memories Sensory Memory – holds information from all the senses in sensory registers for a fraction of a second ~ Selective Attention focusing mental resources on only part of the stimulus field Short-Term Memory (STM ) receives and maintains information perceived and selectively attended from sensory memory or retrieved from long-term memory
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Storing New Memories Con’t Working Memory (WM) allows us to mentally work with, or manipulate , information being held in STM a. Phonological Loop – temporally stores and retrieves verbal information a. Visuospatial Sketchpad – retention and processing of visual and spatial information a. Central Executive – allocates resources between the phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad and retrieves information from long-term memory
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Memory span – number of items recalled in perfect sequence on 50 % of the trials. Short-Term
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 2000 taught by Professor Domangue during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Psych+2000+Chapter+8+Memory+students - Models of Memory 1....

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