Psych+2000+Chapter+8+Memory+student+1

Psych+2000+Chapter+8+Memory+student+1 - Memory a memory of...

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Chapter 8 Memory
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What is Memory? Memory – capacity to preserve and recover information
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Basic Memory Processes Encoding – process of putting information into memory Storage - maintain information in memory over time retrieval - recover information from storage into consciousness (recall or recognition)
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Types of Memory Codes 1. Acoustic Encoding – mental representations of information as Sounds ( Echoic memory) 2. Visual Encoding – mental representations of information as images ( Iconic memory) 3. Semantic Encoding – mental representation of general meaning of experience
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Types of Long-term Memory (LTM) Episodic Memory – memory of an event that happened while one was present (i.e., an “ episode ” in one’s life) Semantic
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Unformatted text preview: Memory a memory of generalized knowledge of the world (e.g., capital of USA?) Procedural Memory memory containing information on how to do things (e.g., how to ride a bike). Types of Retrieval Processes Recall retrieval of stored information without cues clues (e.g., essay question) Recognition retrieval aided by cues/clues (e.g., multiple choice test) Explicit and Implicit Memory Explicit memory (episodic & semantic) the process in which people intentionally try to remember something Implicit memory (procedural) the unintentional influence of prior experience Word fragment completion test (e.g, E_E_ _AN_)...
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Psych+2000+Chapter+8+Memory+student+1 - Memory a memory of...

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