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1Columbia Southern UniversityBEM 4351, Unit V, Essay
BEM 4351, UNIT V, ESSAY2BEM 4351, Unit V, EssayPrevious assignments have focused on becoming familiar with the different categories of hazardous waste, as well as hazardous waste treatment, storage, disposal sites, and of course, cleanup of hazardous waste sites that have been closed. This essay will cover the four characteristics of hazardous waste, including the four hazardous waste lists. Additionally, the manifest system of hazardous wastes will be covered and how facilities in Oregon handle treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. Lastly, the differences between a hazardous waste landfill and municipal solid waste landfill will be looked at, as well as the progress of CERCLA, also known as Superfund.Hazardous waste is different from non-hazardous waste in its form and how it behaves, and it is usually a liquid. Wastes may occur as sludges, solids, gasses, and can either be classifiedas toxic, ignitable, reactive, or corrosive (Schneider, 2014). A toxic waste is poisonous and has a terminal acute or chronic effect on living organisms. Sometimes these tocix wastes can be carcinogenic, or have mutagenic responses – which causes biological mutations to a fetus from an exposed parent. A reactive waste is highly unstable and may react with air, water, or various other elements through explosions caused by harmful fumes. An ignitable waste will burn at a low temperature, usually 140 degrees Fahrenheit or less. Wastes of this nature need special care due to the possibility of combusting during transport, storage, or disposal. Corrosive wastes are from extreme acidic or alkaline materials that have a pH above 12.5, or below 5. Such extreme corrosives can destroy living tissue, destroy metals, or cause a chemical reactions through rustingor corroding unprotected metals. Additionally, some wastes manifest characteristics of a hazardous waste while being exempt from specific hazardous waste regulations. A common type
BEM 4351, UNIT V, ESSAY3of such waste is lead-acid batteries. Every state has the right to specify and identify individual wastes as hazardous in on top of those noted by RCRA.