PS272 notes

PS272 notes - Disorder must have distress and/or impairment...

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Disorder – must have distress and/or impairment Practitioners Clinical psychologists – deals with and treats psychopathology, has patients, has clinical training, PhD (Motto: something is wrong, needs to be fixed) Psychiatrists – specializes in residency, deals with psychiatric disorders through medication, MD (Motto: something is wrong, needs to be fixed) Counseling psychologists – school of education (Motto: something is wrong with the environment that is holding you back) Social workers – help people who need social services, BA or Masters Psychiatric nurses – manage patient units, talk therapy Marriage and family therapists Anybody can practice, therapy is not regulated by law, anybody can have patients! Clinic Description Presenting problem – reason patient states they are there Prevalence – total number of people with problem in time period (ex. Lifetime) Incidence – number of new cases within time period Course – pattern of a disorder in time Chronic – persistent, stays there Episodic – cycle, onset-offset-onset, etc Time-limited – run its course and offset in a certain amount of time Onset – when it begins Acute – suddenly Insidious – develops gradually Prodrome – slide into it slowly
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Etiology – genesis, causes Outcome – what you can expect if the patient is treated or not Prognosis – predicted outcome Historical Supernatural – evil demons (ancient times), tend to interpret natural disasters as messages from G-d (today) Biological – Ancient Greeks, Hypocrites – presumed disorders were a brain or hereditary disease, coined term “hysteria”, wandering uterus, imbalance in substances in body causes disorders Syphilis – slowly develop psychiatric problems, bacteria causes problem, antibiotics can help until it reaches the brain Dorothea Dix – reformer, advocated for psychological treatments. Up until then, individuals with psychiatric problems were locked up in prisons, lived in horrible conditions. -believed patients needed care, not punishment -conditions improved thanks to her Psychological Treatments Moral therapy – treat individuals as morally as possible, give them good conditions and talk to them Mesmer – he hypnotized people to discover origins of their problems, tell them to stop thinking or acting that way Psychodynamics – Freud is the father of psychodynamics Structures of the mind: ID –Want, pleasure principle Ego – Reality Superego – Morals Levels of Consciousness: Conscious – everything of which you are immediately aware Preconscious – long term, can be brought to consciousness Unconscious – all past unresolved conflicts, inaccessible, vast repository of intrapsychic goop
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Defense mechanisms – unconscious protective processes that keep primitive emotions associated with conflicts in check so that the ego can continue its coordinating function
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PS 272 taught by Professor Schepis during the Spring '07 term at Quinnipiac.

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PS272 notes - Disorder must have distress and/or impairment...

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