Ch. 14 Outline

Ch. 14 Outline - Ellie Beier March 5 2006 Mr Henry 1st AP...

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Ellie Beier March 5, 2006 Mr. Henry 1 st AP Psych. Ch. 14 Outline Personality : An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting I. The Psychoanalytic Perspective Freud developed views by analyzing himself and as he treated patients a. Exploring the Unconscious Free Association : The Freudian technique in which the person is encouraged to say whatever comes to mind as a means of exploring the unconscious Psychoanalysis : the treatment of psychological disorders by seeking to expose an intercept the tensions within a patient’s unconscious, using methods such as free association Unconscious : the repository of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, it is a level of information processing of which we are unaware Preconscious : a region of the unconscious that contains material that is retrievable at will into conscious awareness “Discovered” the unconscious Believed that the mind was mostly hidden nothing was accidental: beliefs, habits, dreams, and slips of the tongue explained the unconscious mind i. Personality Structure Id : the unconscious system of personality, consisting of basic sexual and aggressive drives, that supplies psychic energy to personality Operates on the pleasure principle : seeks immediate gratification Ego : the conscious division of personality that attempts to mediate between demands of the did, the superego, and reality Operates on the reality principle : seeks to gratify the id’s impulses in realistic ways that will bring long-term pleasure rather than pain or destruction Superego : the division of personality that contains the conscience and develops by incorporating the perceived moral standards of society The voice of conscience that forces ego to consider not only the real but the ideal, and that focuses solely on how one ought to behave. The superego strives for perfection, judging actions and producing positive feelings of pride of negative feelings to guilt ii. Personality Development
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Psychosexual Stages : developmental periods children pass through during which the id’s pleasure seeking energies are focused on different erogenous zones Freud’s Psychosexual Stages : Stage Focus Oral (0-18 months) Pleasure centers in the mouth—sucking, biting, chewing Anal (18-36 months) Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control Phallic (3-6 years) Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings Latency (6 to puberty) Dormant sexual feelings Genital (Puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests Oedipus Complex : boys in the phallic stage develop a collection of feelings, known as the Oedipus complex, that center on sexual attraction to the mother and resentment of the father. Some psychologists believe girls have a parallel Electra complex Identification : the process by which the child’s superego develops and incorporates the parents' values. Freud saw
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Ch. 14 Outline - Ellie Beier March 5 2006 Mr Henry 1st AP...

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