ps4 - Ankur Gupta E25 Problem Set 4 1) Energy is stored in...

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Ankur Gupta E25 Problem Set 4 1) Energy is stored in the form of bonds. You have to add energy to form larger molecules from smaller molecules or atoms in order to create their bonds, and energy is released when molecules are broken down into smaller ones because the energy stored in their bonds is released. 2) Glycolysis breaks down glucose molecules .into 2 pyruvate molecules. This requires two ATP for energy, but it produces 4 ATP, so there is a net gain in packaged/potential energy. 3) The TCA cycle is much more efficient at extracting energy from food molecules compared to glycolysis. Without pyruvate molecules however, which are produced by glycolysis from glucose, the TCA cycle cannot function. Therefore, one should choose glycolysis, which also functions anaerobically, 4) The products needed for the TCA cycle include acetyl-CoA, NAD+, FAD, GDP, Phosphate, and water to produce NADH. FADH 2, GTP (which store energy). CO 2 , CoA-SH, and hydrogen ions which are then used in oxidative phosphorylation to create ATP. The end result of one cycle
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ps4 - Ankur Gupta E25 Problem Set 4 1) Energy is stored in...

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