final research paper

Final research paper - A"Nucular India By Ankur Gupta PWR2 Dr Moekle 19 May 2006 Gupta 1 The Basics India a civilization built on renewable energy

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A “Nucular” India By: Ankur Gupta PWR2 Dr. Moekle 19 May 2006
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Gupta 2 The Basics India, a civilization built on renewable energy and biodiverse economies, is currently at a crossroads - will it continue on its renewable energy path based on biodiversity and energy equity, or will it follow a non-sustainable energy path based on fossil fuels and nuclear power? India is not among the historical carbon dioxide polluters of the world because, through culture and economic policy, preference has always been given to localized, labor-intensive economies, instead of to centralized, industrial economies which displace people due to dependence on non-renewable energy inputs. However, with globalization, new ideas have brought change at every possible level: the renewable is being replaced by the non-renewable, people are being displaced by fossil fuels, and the decentralized communities are being replaced by centralized monocultures of manufacture and agriculture. On July 18 th 2005, President Bush announced a global partnership with India to promote stability, democracy, prosperity, and peace. The desire to transform relations with India, according to administration officials, is “founded upon a strategic vision that transcends today’s most pressing security concerns” (Bagchi). President Bush said he would “work to achieve full civil nuclear energy cooperation with India” and would “also seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies.” He wants to “help India be a good steward of [its] environment and [he] will strengthen the bonds of trust between two great nations.” Administration officials have described the agreement as a “win” for nonproliferation because it would bring India into the nonproliferation
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Gupta 3 mainstream. For thirty years, India has remained outside the mainstream: it rejected the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) as discriminatory and detonated a “peaceful” nuclear device in 1974 that convinced the world of a need for greater restrictions on nuclear trade. However, India has since made a considerable amount of progress on its own. (See Figure 1). As a direct response to India’s test, the United States created the Nuclear Suppliers Group, halted nuclear exports to India a few years later, and worked to convince other nations to do the same. Japan and many other countries imposed sanctions and cut off aid, loans, and credit to both India and Pakistan. Finally, in June of 1998, the UN Security Council passed a resolution, confirmed by the UN General Assembly in November that condemned the nuclear tests and called for restraint. The U.S - India nuclear agreement, an expansion of nuclear power and nuclear fuel sales to India, is in effect a reversal of both countries’ past policies.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PWR 194 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '07 term at Stanford.

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Final research paper - A"Nucular India By Ankur Gupta PWR2 Dr Moekle 19 May 2006 Gupta 1 The Basics India a civilization built on renewable energy

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