outline - Lexis Nexis Ankur Gupta Dr Moekle PWR2 26 April...

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Lexis Nexis Ankur Gupta Dr. Moekle PWR2 26 April 2006 Outline The Ind-US Nuclear Pact: Who wins? I. Introduction a. Nuclear energy in India today “India, a civilisation built on renewable energy and biodiversity economies is currently at a cross roads - will she continue on its renewable energy path based on biodiversity, and energy equity, or will she follow the non-sustainable energy path of the west, based on fossil fuels, nuclear power and energy slaves? India is not among the historical carbon dioxide polluters of the world because through culture and economic policy, preference was given to localised, decentralised labour intensive economies, not centralised, industrial economies which displace people by depending on non- renewable energy inputs. However, with globalisation and neo liberal economic reform, the renewable is being replaced by the non-renewable, people are being displaced by fossil fuels, decentralised and diverse systems are being replaced by centralised monocultures of transport, manufacture, and agriculture. Not only does this add to the threats of climate change, it also usurps the ecological space for tribals, small scale farmers, and women since the land use for an energy intensive economy based on energy slaves must shift from peoples' sustenance needs to producing and processing industrial, commercial energy and dumping waste, or building superhighways, or growing monoculture plantations for "biofuels" to maintain the infrastructure of the fossil fuel economy in a period which will witness the end of cheap oil. On July 14, 1957, Nehru had said in the Lok Sabha, the Indian House of Representatives, "We have declared quite clearly that we are not interested in making atom bombs, even if we have the capacity to do so, and that in no event will we use nuclear energy for destructive purposes…. . I hope that will be the policy of all future governments." Following the tests, Japan, the United States, and many other countries imposed sanctions and cut off aid, loans, and credit to both India and Pakistan. In June of 1998, the UN Security Council passed a resolution, confirmed by the UN General Assembly in November that year that condemned the nuclear tests and called for restraint. The U.S - India nuclear agreement is in effect a reversal of India's policies and an expansion of nuclear power in India and nuclear fuel sales to India. The agreement was signed on July 18th, 2005 and finalised during President Bush's India visit in March 2006. It is being offered as a "clean energy" - an alternative to fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions. It is aimed at addressed the two challenges of energy security and safeguarding the environment.” (1) b. In the future On July 18, 2005, President Bush announced a global partnership with India to promote stability, democracy, prosperity and peace. The desire to transform relations with India, according to Administration officials, is “founded upon a strategic vision that transcends even today’s most pressing security concerns.” President Bush said
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outline - Lexis Nexis Ankur Gupta Dr Moekle PWR2 26 April...

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